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Table 3 Associations with health indicators of participation in clusters of organized leisure-time activities compared to inactive: odds ratios and 95 % confidence intervals for the various clusters vs. inactive adolescents

From: When children play, they feel better: organized activity participation and health in adolescents

  High life satisfaction Infrequently feeling low Infrequently irritated/bad tempered Infrequently feeling nervous Infrequent sleeping difficulties Excellent self-rated health
(Q1) (< once a week) (< once a week) (< once a week) (< once a week) (excellent)
Model 1 (univariable)
Inactive 1 (reference) 1 (reference) 1 (reference) 1 (reference) 1 (reference) 1 (reference)
All-rounders 1.50 (1.32–1.71)*** 1.28 (1.10–1.48)** 1.10 (0.97–1.25) 1.08 (0.96–1.23) 0.96 (0.84–1.09) 1.70 (1.47–1.96)***
Artists 1.39 (1.21–1.61)*** 1.05 (0.90–1.24) 1.03 (0.90–1.19) 1.03 (0.90–1.19) 0.94 (0.81–1.09) 1.74 (1.49–2.04)***
Individual sports 1.69 (1.45–1.97)*** 1.29 (1.07–1.55)*** 1.13 (0.97–1.33) 1.15 (0.99–1.34) 1.01 (0.85–1.19) 2.50 (2.11–2.95)***
Team sports 1.52 (1.32–1.75)*** 1.95 (1.63–2.35)*** 1.26 (1.09–1.46)** 1.24 (1.08–1.43)** 1.31 (1.12–1.54)** 2.21 (1.89–2.58)***
Model 2 (adjusted for gender and age)
Inactive 1 (reference)      
All-rounders 1.27 (1.11–1.45)***      
Artists 1.26 (1.08–1.46)**      
Individual sports 1.61 (1.38–1.88)***      
Team sports 1.39 (1.20–1.62)***      
Model 3 (adjusted for gender and age, including interaction with gender)
Inactive   1 (reference) 1 (reference) 1 (reference) 1 (reference) 1 (reference)
All-rounders   1.19 (0.98–1.43) 1.03 (0.87–1.22) 1.08 (0.91–1.27) 0.96 (0.80–1.15) 1.53 (1.24–1.89)***
Artists   1.21 (1.00–1.48) 1.08 (0.90–1.29) 1.05 (0.88–1.24) 1.09 (0.90–1.31) 1.84 (1.49–2.28)***
Individual sports   1.13 (0.89–1.43) 0.98 (0.79–1.21) 0.98 (0.79–1.21) 0.81 (0.65–1.02) 2.14 (1.67–2.74)***
Team sports   1.16 (0.90–1.50) 0.85 (0.67–1.06) 0.87 (0.70–1.09) 1.05 (0.82–1.34) 1.40 (1.05–1.85)*
Gender M vs. F   2.25 (1.77–2.86)*** 1.41 (1.15–1.73)** 1.42 (1.17–1.73)*** 1.47 (1.18–1.82)** 1.27 (1.00–1.62)
Artists M vs. F   0.66 (0.45–0.95)*    0.72 (0.52–1.00)*  
Ind. sports M vs. F      1.51 (1.07–2.12)*  
Team sports M vs. F   1.64 (1.12–2.41)* 1.54 (1.14–2.09)** 1.46 (1.09–1.95)*   1.66 (1.18–2.35)**
Model 4 (adjusted for gender and age, including interaction with age)
Inactive   1 (reference) 1 (reference) 1 (reference) 1 (reference) 1 (reference)
All-rounders   1.17 (0.92–1.49) 1.02 (0.83–1.26) 1.04 (0.84–1.28) 1.03 (0.82–1.28) 1.68 (1.32–2.15)***
Artists   0.92 (0.72–1.18) 0.91 (0.73–1.14) 0.99 (0.79–1.24) 0.91 (0.71–1.15) 1.74 (1.33–2.27)***
Individual sports   1.01 (0.77–1.31) 0.99 (0.78–1.26) 1.05 (0.83–1.33) 1.09 (0.84–1.41) 2.67 (2.07–3.44)***
Team sports   1.31 (1.00–1.70)* 1.03 (0.82–1.28) 1.08 (0.87–1.34) 1.36 (1.06–1.74)* 2.30 (1.81–2.92)***
Age 11- vs. 15-yrs.   1.68 (1.21–2.32)** 1.18 (0.91–1.54) 1.10 (0.85–1.42) 1.16 (0.87–1.53) 0.90 (0.65–1.25)
Age 13 vs. 15-yrs.   1.01 (0.78–1.30) 0.91 (0.73–1.15) 0.87 (0.69–1.09) 1.10 (0.86–1.42) 1.30 (0.99–1.71)
Artists 11- vs. 15-yrs. 1.59 (1.02–2.49)* 1.50 (1.04–2.17)* 1.48 (1.04–2.12)*   
Team sports 13- vs. 1 yrs.      0.68 (0.48-0.98)*
  1. only statistically significant odds ratios for interaction effects of gender and age are presented
  2. M males, F females, yrs years old, Q1 top quartile
  3. * p < 0.05
  4. ** p < 0.01
  5. *** p < 0.001