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Table 2 E4 analysis- Characteristics of the prisons at the national level

From: Insufficient access to harm reduction measures in prisons in 5 countries (PRIDE Europe): a shared European public health concern

  Belgium (N = 17) Austria (N = 27) Denmark (N = 29) Italy (N = 35)
number of prisoners on the day of the study 6046 8724 3361 14229
number of prisoners on the day of the study per prison - Mean (min-max) 356 (50–1126) 312 (58–1146) 116 (14–489) 407 (30–1519)
number of prisoners on the day of the study per prison- n(%)     
<100 2 (11.8) 3 (10.7) 17 (58.6) 5 (14.3)
[100-350[ 9 (52.9) 14 (50.0) 11 (37.9) 15 (42.9)
[350-600[ 2 (11.8) 9 (32.1) 1 (3.4) 9 (25.7)
≥600 4 (23.5) 2 (7.1) 0 (0.0) 6 (17.1)
Number of personnel available / prison - Mean (min-max)    
Sanitary staff 14 (3–48) 10 (2–69) 5 (1–36) 24 (6–75)
Doctors 3 (1–7) 5 (1–28) 2 (1–7) 14 (3–43)
Nurses 10 (1–36) 5 (1–44) 3 (0–19) 10 (2–34)
Security staff 254 (42–707) 109 (22–421) 77 (11–460) 211 (30–950)
Social workers 7 (1–18) 4 (1–12) 2 (1–8) 5 (1–17)
Number of personnel available/100 prisoners - Mean (min-max)    
Sanitary staff 4 (2–12) 4 (1–43) 5 (2–18) 8 (2–37)
Doctors 1 (0.4-6) 2 (0.4-8) 2 (0.4-7) 5 (1–23)
Nurses 3 (1–6) 2 (0.2-28) 1 (0–5) 3 (1–13)
Security staff 70 (48–86) 37 (27–74) 64 (34–170) 29 (17–160)
Social worker 2 (0.4-7) 2 (1–7) 3 (0.4-9) 2 (1–3)
Available Consultation- n(%)     
HIV (yes vs. no) 2 (11.8) 28 (100) 28 (95.6) 30 (85.7)
HCV/HBV (yes vs. no) 2 (11.8) 28 (100) 28 (95.6) 30 (85.7)
Psychiatric (yes vs. no) 14 (82.4) 26 (92.9) 25 (86.2) 35 (100)
Attendance of any NGO (yes vs. no) 7 (50) 5 (19.2) 0 (0) 11 (31.4)
Type- n(%)     
RC only 5 (29)   16 (55) 30 (86)
PS only 5 (29) 10 (36) 3 (11) 5 (14)
SPS only    1 (3)  
JUV only     
RC-PS 5 (29) 4 (14) 3 (11)  
PS-JUV   2 (7)   
PS-SPS    1 (3)  
RC-SPS    4 (14)  
RC-PS- SPS 2 (12)   1 (3)  
RC-PS- SPS-JUV   12 (43)   
Gender- n(%)     
Male 12 (71) 13 (46) 3 (10) 18 (56)
Female 1 (6) 1 (4) 0 0
Mixed 4 (24) 14 (50) 26 (90) 14 (54)
  1. HIV: Human Immunodeficiency Virus; HCV: Hepatitis C Virus; HBV: Hepatitis B Virus; NGO: Non-Governmental Organization; RC: remand center; PS: prison for sentenced; SPS: Security prison for sentenced; JUV: juvenile prison center
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