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Table 7 Adjusted mean (95 % CI) difference between pain site groups with corresponding effect size

From: Perceived stress and musculoskeletal pain are prevalent and significantly associated in adolescents: an epidemiological cross-sectional study

Pain site groups Adjusted mean difference between groupsa (95 % CI) [effect size]
   Tension Joy Demands Pain intensity (VAS)
Head Neck and shoulder 0.20 (−0.80–1.19) [0.1] 0.64 (−0.48–1.74) [0.3] 0.68 (−0.52–1.88) [0.3] 0.40 (−0.79–1.60) [0.2]
  Back −0.05 (−1.1–1.0) [−0.0] 0.60 (−0.58–1.78) [0.3] 0.13 (−1.15–1.41) [0.1] 0.09 (−1.18–1.35) [0.0]
  Extremities 0.60 (−0.29–1.48) [0.3] 0.87 (−0.12–1.86) [0.5] 0.86 (−0.22–1.93) [0.4] 0.71 (−0.35–1.77) [0.3]
Neck, shoulder Back −0.25 (−1.42–0.91) [−0.1] −0.03 (−1.34–1.27) [−0.0] −0.55 (−1.97–0.86) [−0.3] −0.32 (−1.73–1.09) [−0.1]
  Extremities 0.40 (−0.63–1.43) [0.2] 0.23 (−0.92–1.39) [0.1] 0.17 (−1.07–1.43) [0.1] 0.31 (−0.94–1.55) [0.1]
Back Extremities 0.65 (−0.42–1.73) [0.4] 0.27 (−0.94–1.47) [0.1] 0.73 (−0.58–2.04) [0.4] 0.63 (−0.67–1.92) [0.3]
  1. No statistical significant mean differences between groups
  2. CI Confidence interval
  3. aThe mean differences between groups were adjusted for gender and BMI