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Table 1 Characteristics of sample

From: Associations between active travel and adiposity in rural India and Bangladesh: a cross-sectional study

  Matlab Goa Chennai Pooled p
  n 740 734 648 2122  
Socio-demographic and lifestyle indices
Age Mean (SD) 41.3 ± 16.2 40.7 ± 14.3 37.2 ± 14.6 39.9 ± 15.2 <0.001
Sex % male 40.4 41.4 46.3 42.6 0.064
Education No formal (%) 27.6 28.1 39.4 31.4 <0.001
School education (%) 67.5 67.0 53.5 63.1
Higher education (%) 4.9 4.9 7.2 5.6
Ever smoker % 18.1 85.8 72.7 58.1 <0.001
Oil consumption ≤1 L/month (%) 74.7 95.9 70.7 80.8 <0.001
Physical activity measures
Active travel Mean min/week (SD) 235 ± 444 312 ± 445 226 ± 285 258 ± 404 <0.001
≥150 min/week (%) 33.1 54.8 49.7 45.7  
Work-related physical activity Mean min/week (SD) 175 ± 581 259 ± 660 1011 ± 1103 460 ± 881 <0.001
≥150 min/week (%) 15.1 20.7 69.8 33.7  
Leisure-related physical-activity Mean min/week (SD) 7 ± 60 41 ± 166 52 ± 208 32 ± 155 <0.001
≥150 min/week (%) 1.6 7.0 9.6 5.9  
Total physical activity Mean min/week (SD) 419 ± 782 612 ± 815 1285 ± 1164 748 ± 993 <0.001
≥150 min/week (%) 43.0 63.2 84.6 62.7  
Adiposity outcomes
BMI (kg/m2) Mean (SD) 21.3 ± 3.6 21.8 ± 4.1 21.2 ± 3.9 21.4 ± 3.9 0.002
<23 72.6 64.2 70.4 69.0 0.028
23 - 24.9 12.6 14.8 12.1 13.2
25 - 29.9 12.6 17.8 15.1 15.2
30 + 2.2 3.2 2.5 2.6
Waist circumference >85 cm (males), > 80 cm (females) (%) 26.7 32.3 24.7 28.0 0.004
WHR ≥0.9 (males), ≥ 0.8 (females) (%) 58.5 70.4 59.5 62.9 <0.001
  1. p-values refer to differences between sites for each variable
  2. SD standard deviation; BMI body mass index; WHR waist-hip ratio
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