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Table 4 The results obtained from logistic regression analysis for low serving milk and dairy products consumption among boys (n = 195)

From: Social support and dairy products intake among adolescents: a study from Iran

  Unadjusted OR (95 % CI) P-value Adjusted OR (95 % CI)a P-value
Age (yrs)
 ≤ 12 1.0 (ref)   1.0 (ref)  
 13 1.03 (0.31–3.84) 0.963 1.56 (0.92–5.79) 0.643
 ≥ 14 2.22 (0.22–22.97) 0.503 4.53 (0.90–16.76) 0.879
Mother’s age (yrs)
 20–34 1.0 (ref)   1.0 (ref)  
 35–39 3.11 (0.74–8.84) 0.136 2.30 (0.64–8.09) 0.534
 40–55 3.02 (0.79–7.97) 0.116 2.11 (0.05–7.64) 0.368
Mother’s employment
 Housewife 1.0 (ref)   1.0 (ref)  
 Employed 2.34 (0.26–11.79) 0.723 3.40 (0.89–14.34) 0.589
Mother’s education (yrs)
 > 12 1.0 (ref)   1.0 (ref)  
 0–12 1.10 (0.85–4.74) 0.621 1.23 (0.29–3.76) 0.769
Father’s education (yrs)
 > 12 1.0 (ref)   1.0 (ref)  
 0–12 1.10 (0.28–3.92) 0.925 1.08 (0.98–5.78) 0.986
FAS
 High 1.0 (ref)   1.0 (ref)  
 Intermediate 1.10 (0.28–3.93) 0.925 1.04 (0.19–3.63) 0.813
 Low 1.10 (0.07–4.74) 0.621 1.01 (0.02–8.74) 0.064
Self efficacy score 1.11 (0.93–1.14) 0.931 1.11 (0.93–1.28) 0.074
PIFS score 1.11 (0.96–1.25) 0.171 1.11 (0.95–1.34) 0.207
PEFS score 1.12 (0.95–1.32) 0.080 1.10 (0.88–1.34) 0.410
PPFS score 1.11 (0.84–1.20) 0.413 1.05 (0.85–1.11) 0.321
Physical activity (minutes/day) 1.37 (0.43–4.28) 0.768 1.09 (0.76–6.34) 0.658
Sedentary activity (minutes/day) 1.71 (0.60–4.85) 0.890 2.43 (0.74–6.58) 0.785
Sweet food intake 1.04 (0.54–1.32) 0.341 1.34 (0.86–3.25) 0.654
  1. aAdjusted for adolescents’ age, mother’s age and employment, parental education, FAS, self-efficacy, PIFS, PEFS, PPFS, physical activity, sedentary activity, and sweet food intake
  2. FAS: Family affluence scale
  3. PIFS: Perceived informational family support
  4. PEFS: Perceived emotional family support
  5. PPFS: Perceived practical family support