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Table 1 Prevalence of obesity and associated factors in Panama

From: Prevalence of obesity in panama: some risk factors and associated diseases

Variables Prevalence of obesity (%) Confidence Intervals (95 %) Age-adjusted prevalence ratesa O.R.b P value
TOTAL 27.1 (950 / 3507) 25.5–28.5 26.3 NA NA
Sex
 Women 30.9 (757 / 2450) 29.2–32.8 29.8 2.00 (1.68–2.39) P < 0.0001
 Men 18.3 (193 / 1057) 15.7–20.3 18.4 0.50 (0.42–0.60) P < 0.0001
Area
 Urban 31.5 (521 / 1655) 28.8–33.2 30.1 1.52 (1.31–1.77) P < 0.0001
 Rural 24.1 (399 / 1655) 21.9–26.1 24.0 0.75 (0.64–0.87) P < 0.001
 Indigenous 15.2 (30 / 197) 10.2–20.2 14.6 0.47 (0.31–0.70) P < 0.001
Age (years)
 18–29 17.7 (124 / 701) 15.2–20.8 17.7 0.52 (0.42–0.64) P < 0.001
 30–39 30.4 (207 / 675) 26.5–33.5 30.7 12.1 (10.6–13.8) P < 0.0001
 40–49 34.2 (242 / 708) 30.5–37.5 34.2 1.53 (1.28–1.84) P < 0.0001
 50–59 30.7 (200 / 652) 27.5–34.5 30.7 1.24 (1.03–1.50) P < 0.05
 60 and over 23.0 (177 / 771) 20.0–26.0 23.0 0.76 (0.62–0.92) P < 0.05
Ethnic groups
 Afro-Panamanian 36.7 (273 / 744) 33.5–40.5 35.9 1.79 (1.50–2.12) P < 0.0001
 Mestizo 26.7 (505 / 1894) 25.0–29.0 25.9 0.95 (0.82–1.11) P = 0.50
 Native 14.3 (54 / 378) 10.5–17.5 14.5 0.42 (0.30–0.57) P < 0.0001
 White 25.1 (105 / 418) 20.8–29.2 25.3 0.89 (0.70–1.13) P = 0.33
 Asian/Others/Not specified 17.8 (13 / 73) 9.0–26.6 18.6 0.58 (0.30–1.09) P = 0.09
Intake of fatty foods
 2 or more fried food daily 27.3 (881 / 3227) 25.5–28.5 26.6 1.13 (0.85–1.51) P = 0.39
 Less than 2 fried food daily 24.9 (70 / 281) 19.7–29.7 22.0 0.88 (0.67–1.17) P = 0.39
Intake of beverage / foods rich in sugars
 6 teaspoons per day or more 30.1 (396 / 1314) 27.5–32.5 30.0 1.28 (1.09–1.49) P < 0.05
 Less of 6 teaspoons per day 25.3 (554 / 2193) 23.4–29.6 23.8 0.78 (0.67–0.91) P < 0.05
Physical Activity
 Physically active 19.9 (85 / 426) 16.2–23.8 20.1 0.64 (0.49–0.83) P < 0.001
 Insufficient physical activity 19.5 (44 / 225) 14.8–25.2 19.9 0.64 (0.45–0.90) P < 0.05
 Physically inactive 28.7 (821/ 2856) 27.3–30.7 28.1 1.63 (1.32–2.02) P < 0.0001
Family history of obesity
 Yes 43.0 (376 / 875) 39.7–46.3 41.9 2.70 (2.29–3.19) P < 0.0001
 No 21.8 (574 / 2632) 20.1–23.3 21.5 0.37 (0.31–0.44) P < 0.0001
 Do not know / No response 22.2 (20 / 90) 13.4–30.6 20.9 NA NA
  1. aAge-adjusted prevalence rates were calculated in relation to the total population of the provinces of Panama and Colon in 2014
  2. bFor each category of the variables studied, OR and p value were calculated between total obese people, and without obesity with relation to the same variable
  3. NA: Not applicable
  4. Source: Prepared by the authors. PREFREC 2010–2011
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