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Table 5 Some independent and dependent variables likely to feature in analysis (taking MSDs as an example)

From: Health and Employment after Fifty (HEAF): a new prospective cohort study

  a) Effect of health on work:  
Predictor variables Outcome variables
Health or change in health Employment status: unemployed, retired, ill-health retired, temporarily off sick, employed, other role (e.g., carer)
1) CPRD record: diagnosis (or treatment/worsening) of arthritis, soft tissue rheumatism, or other MSDs; or in those with MSDs, of concurrent… anxiety, depression, neurotic illness, insomnia, cardiovascular disease, new hospital treated illnesses etc. Employment change: (new) involuntary job loss; planned normal retirement; early planned retirement; early ill-health retirement; re-employment
2) Questionnaire: in those with MSDs: change in pain symptoms, SRH, CES-D, BSI, sleep problems
  b) Effect of work on health:  
Predictor variables Outcome variables
Employment status: unemployed, retired, ill-health retired, temporarily off sick, employed, other role (e.g., carer) Change in health
1) CPRD record: new diagnosis of, treatment for, worsening/recovery from … anxiety, depression, neurotic illness, insomnia, cardiovascular disease, hypertension; new hospital treated illnesses; altered frequency of GP visits
Employment change: (new) involuntary job loss; planned normal retirement; early planned retirement; early ill-health retirement; re-employment (Including MSD-related employment changes)
2) Questionnaire: (change in) … SRH, CES-D, BSI, sleep problems