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Table 3 Demographic and sexual risk behaviour variables associated with HBV among adults in the Fako division of Southwest Cameroon (2011)

From: Epidemiology of human immunodeficiency virus-1 and hepatitis B virus co-infection and risk factors for acquiring these infections in the Fako division of Southwest Cameroon

Variable HBV positive n = 75 Crude OR (95 % CI) Adjusted OR (95 % CI)
HIV
  Negative 66 1.16 (0.55–2.42) 1.36 (0.64–2.88)
  Positive 9   
Socio-demographics
Sex
  Male 43 0.47 (0.29–0.75)** 0.46 (0.28–0.75)**
  Female 32   
Age
   ≤ 32 45 0.72 (0.44–1.17)  
   > 32 30   
Marital status
  Ever married 28 1.65 (1.01–2.69)* 1.66 (1.01–2.73)*
  Never married 47   
Religion
Catholic
  No 43 1.32 (0.81–2.14) -
  Yes 32   
Protestant
  No 46 0.96 (0.59–1.57) -
  Yes 29   
Muslim
  No 75 - -
  Yes 0   
Other
  No 61 0.76 (0.41–1.39) -
  Yes 14   
Education
  Low 17 1.44 (0.82–2.44) -
  High 56   
Income
  Low 35 0.80 (0.44–1.46) -
  High 17   
Blood transfusion
  No 69 1.06(0.44–2.55) -
  Yes 6   
Sexual risk factors
Condom use    
  High 16 0.76 (0.42–1.37) -
  Low 54   
Lifetime sexual partners
   < 10 65 0.93(0.46–1.88)  
   ≥ 10 10   
Age at first sex
   > 18 30 0.94 (0.58–1.54) -
   ≤ 18 45   
  1. CI confidence interval; OR odd ratio
  2. Please note that all reference categories are listed as the first category
  3. Although the total sample is 75, one data point is missing from condom use and two data points are missing from education level and income level. Four data points were omitted from condom use because the participant had zero sexual partners, 21 data points were omitted from income level because the participant was a student or housewife
  4. *indicates a p-value <0.05, **indicates a p-value <0.01