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Table 3 Predictors of Cadmium (Cd) and Lead (Pb) cluster membership

From: Geographic clustering of elevated blood heavy metal levels in pregnant women

  Cadmium (n = 227) OR (95 % CI), p-value Lead (n = 227) OR (95 % CI), p-value
Education 0.84 (0.75–0.95), 0.0043 0.87 (0.78–0.98), 0.0204
Whole Blood Folate (ug/L) 1.00 (0.99–1.00), 0.5018 1.00 (1.00–1.01), 0.6530
Pre-pregnancy BMI (kg/m2) 1.06 (0.99–1.13), 0.0983 1.07 (1.00–1.14), 0.0401
Smoking Status (Reference = did not smoke during pregnancy) 0.99 (0.27–3.67), 0.9877 0.60 (0.13–2.77), 0.5080
  1. No cluster members were non-Hispanic White therefore we did not adjust for race
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