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Table 3 Results of the multinomial logistic regression models: effects of pre-existing depression on job displacement during downsizing

From: Depressive symptoms as a cause and effect of job loss in men and women: evidence in the context of organisational downsizing from the Swedish Longitudinal Occupational Survey of Health

Both sexes (N = 1658) No (job displacement) RRR (95 % CI) p value
Level of depression at baseline:    
 No depression (score <10) 1279 (136) 1 (ref.)  
 Depression symptoms (score 10–16) 292 (42) 1.32 (0.88 to 1.95) 0.183
 Major depression (score 17–24) 87 (18) 1.93 (1.05 to 3.55) 0.035
Men (N= 866)    
Level of depression at baseline:    
 No depression (score <10) 698 (82) 1 (ref.)  
 Depression symptoms (score 10–16) 138 (23) 1.41 (0.83 to 2.42) 0.208
 Major depression (score 17–24) 30 (7) 1.36 (0.47 to 3.93) 0.568
Women (N= 792)    
Level of depression at baseline:    
 No depression (score <10) 581 (54) 1 (ref.)  
 Depression symptoms (score 10–16) 154 (19) 1.23 (0.68 to 2.25) 0.495
 Major depression (score 17–24) 57 (11) 2.18 (1.01 to 4.69) 0.046
  1. Note: Analysis includes victims (i.e. displaced workers) and survivors of layoffs during the Great Recession. Dependent variable: unemployed through downsizing. Reference outcome: survivors of layoffs. Analyses adjusted for: demographic covariates (age, gender, education and marital status), permanence of employment as of 2008, exposure to past downsizing (2006–2008), downsizing scale and long term sickness
  2. RRR relative risk ratios, 95 % CI 95 % confidence interval, No number of persons with the respective scores; job displacement: unemployed through downsizing
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