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Table 2 Associations between HCV positivity (anti-HCV antibodies and/or HCV RNA positive) and different demographic characteristics among a sample of the Egyptian population

From: Viral transmission risk factors in an Egyptian population with high hepatitis C prevalence

Study population characteristic HCV Prevalence (%) Unadjusted OR (95 % CI) Adjusted OR (95 % CI)a
Overall 29.8 NA NA
Gender    
 Male 32.2 Ref Ref
 Female 25.3 0.71 (0.56, 0.91) 0.65 (0.48, 0.86)
Age group    
 1913–1939 40.5 Ref. Ref
 1940–1949 45.0 1.20 (0.79, 1.82) 1.32 (0.85, 2.04)
 1950–1959 42.1 1.07 (0.73, 1.57) 1.17 (0.78, 1.76)
 1960–1969 27.2 0.55 (0.36, 0.83) 0.59 (0.38, 0.91)
 1970–1979 15.0 0.26 (0.16, 0.43) 0.27 (0.16, 0.45)
 1980+ 6.8 0.11 (0.06, 0.19) 0.10 (0.06, 0.20)
Education    
 No schooling, literacy only, or religious school 35.5 Ref. Ref.
 Primary through secondary 27.6 0.69 (0.54, 0.88) 1.21 (0.91, 1.61)
 Higher education 21.8 0.55 (0.46, 0.66) 0.90 (0.51, 1.59)
Migration pattern    
 Current same as birth – rural 35.1 Ref. Ref.
 Current same as birth - urban 15.7 0.34 (0.18, 0.66) 0.41 (0.20, 0.84)
 Urban to urban migration 17.7 0.40 (0.27, 0.58) 0.32 (0.21, 0.50)
 Rural to rural migration 41.2 1.30 (0.92, 1.82) 1.03 (0.70, 1.51)
 Rural to urban migration 32.2 0.88 (0.59, 1.3) 0.64 (0.41, 0.99)
 Urban to rural migration 12.3 0.26 (0.12, 0.57) 0.21 (0.09, 0.48)
Birthplace    
 Urban 16.7 Ref. Ref.
 Rural 37.5 3.00 (2.30, 3.91) 2.36 (1.68, 3.31) b
Residence at time of interview    
 Urban 22.2 Ref. Ref.
 Rural 36.9 2.04 (1.62, 2.57) 1.35 (1.01, 1.83) b
  1. aAll characteristics listed in the first column were included in the adjusted logistic regression model except for “Birthplace” and “Residence at time of interview”
  2. bIn these models adjustement was made for all variables in first column except “Migration pattern”
  3. ORs in bold indicate statistical significance
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