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Table 4 Country-specific results from multi group analyses; associations between parental style of rules and screen time

From: Associations between parental rules, style of communication and children’s screen time

  Belgium Greece Hungary Norway Germany
  B 1 95 % CI B 1 95 % CI B 1 95 % CI B 1 95 % CI B 1 95 % CI
Computer/games console, child reported (hrs/day)        
 Rules (yes vs no) −0.008 (−0.092; 0.076) −0.131 (−0.207; −0.055) −0.085 (−0.167; −0.003) −0.018 (−0.110; 0.074) −0.068 (−0.158; 0.022)
 Controlling style 0.002 (−0.082; 0.086) 0.08 (0.007; 0.153) −0.03 (−0.108; 0.048) 0.1 (0.010; 0.190) 0.015 (−0.075; 0.105)
 Autonomy-supportive style −0.054 (−0.138;0.030) −0.092 (−0.168; −0.016) −0.006 (−0.088; 0.076) −0.063 (−0.157; 0.031) −0.107 (−0.201; −0.013)
  OR 95 % CI OR 95 % CI OR 95 % CI OR 95 % CI OR 95 % CI
Perceived excessive computer/games console time, child reported (dichotomous)      
 Rules (yes vs no) 1.38 (0.90; 2.12) 1.33 (1.17; 1.51) 1.07 (0.59; 1.96) 1.65 (1.06; 2.57) 1.69 (0.94;3.03)
 Controlling style 1.37 (1.21; 1.55) 0.74 (0.55; 1.00) 1.35 (1.20;1.51) 1.27 (1.10; 1.46) 1.39 (1.19;1.62)
 Autonomy-supportive style 1.17 (0.93; 1.46) 1.20 (0.83;1.73) 0.97 (0.77;1.22) 1.03 (0.80;1.33) 0.90 (0.70;1.14)
  1. B Standardized regression coefficient, OR odds ratio, 95 % CI 95 % confidence interval
  2. 1 analyses are adjusted for sex, age and educational level
  3. Bold = significant