Skip to main content

Table 3 Association between dietary factors and atopic wheeze, past year wheeze, lifetime asthma, SPT positivity and BHR

From: Prevalence and association of asthma and allergic sensitization with dietary factors in schoolchildren: data from the french six cities study

  Atopic wheezea Past year wheezea Lifetime asthmaa SPT positivitya BHRa
  OR 95 % CI OR 95 % CI OR 95 % CI OR 95 % CI OR 95 % CI
Soft drink intake (N) 5200   2322   6089   5902   5954  
 Never/occasionally 1 Ref 1 Ref 1 Ref 1 Ref 1 Ref
 1–2 times/week 1.05 0.70 to 1.58 1.00 0.72 to 1.38 1.07 0.82 to 1.40 1.18 0.98 to 1.43 1.10 0.82 to 1.47
  ≥ 3 times/week 0.89 0.57 to 1.39 0.88 0.62 to 1.26 1.03 0.77 to 1.37 0.99 0.81 to 1.22 0.94 0.68 to 1.30
p-value   0.839   0.562   0.615   0.062   0.192
Fruit juice intake (N) 5200   2322   6089   5902   5954  
 Never/occasionally 1 Ref 1 Ref 1 Ref 1 Ref 1 Ref
 1–2 times/week 0.76 0.53 to 1.09 0.97 0.72 to 1.30 1.02 0.81 to 1.29 0.94 0.79 to 1.11 1.01 0.77 to 1.31
  ≥ 3 times/week 0.66 0.43 to 0.91 0.89 0.64 to 1.24 0.73 0.55 to 0.96 0.96 0.79 to 1.15 1.15 0.87 to 1.53
p-value   0.007   0.275   0.054   0.492   0.793
Cooked vegetable intake (N) 5200   2322   6089   5902   5954  
 Never/occasionally 1 Ref 1 Ref 1 Ref 1 Ref 1 Ref
 1–2 times/week 0.99 0.55 to 1.79 1.19 0.76 to 1.87 1.02 0.70 to 1.49 0.88 0.66 to 1.16 1.06 0.71 to 1.59
  ≥ 3 times/week 0.98 0.66 to 1.45 0.94 0.68 to 1.29 1.10 0.86 to 1.40 1.05 0.88 to 1.26 0.77 0.57 to 0.94
p-value   0.078   0.170   0.102   0.775   0.009
Raw vegetable intake (N) 5200   2322   6089   5902   5954  
 Never/occasionally 1 Ref 1 Ref 1 Ref 1 Ref 1 Ref
 1–2 times/week 1.05 0.68 to 1.63 0.98 0.69 to 1.40 0.94 0.70 to 1.25 0.99 0.81 to 1.21 1.05 0.76 to 1.44
  ≥ 3 times/week 1.07 0.75 to 1.54 1.05 0.78 to 1.41 1.11 0.87 to 1.40 1.03 0.87 to 1.22 1.15 0.88 to 1.48
p-value   0.094   0.682   0.532   0.428   0.645
Fruit intake (N) 5200   2322   6089   5902   5954  
 Never/occasionally 1 Ref 1 Ref 1 Ref 1 Ref 1 Ref
 1–2 times/week 1.06 0.72 to 1.56 1.15 0.84 to 1.58 1.10 0.85 to 1.41 0.98 0.82 to 1.17 1.20 0.90 to 1.59
  ≥ 3 times/week 1.06 0.71 to 1.57 1.17 0.85 to 1.62 0.99 0.77 to 1.29 1.11 0.93 to 1.33 1.31 0.99 to 1.74
p-value   0.109   0.670   0.351   0.592   0.468
Red meat intake (N) 5200   2322   6089   5902   5954  
 Never/occasionally 1 Ref 1 Ref 1 Ref 1 Ref 1 Ref
 1–2 times/week 1.35 1.05 to 1.68 1.03 0.69 to 1.52 0.84 0.60 to 1.18 0.94 0.74 to 1.19 1.26 0.89 to 1.80
  ≥ 3 times/week 0.83 0.59 to 1.16 0,89 0.68 to 1.18 0.93 0.75 to 1.16 0.96 0.83 to 1.12 1.25 0.98 to 1.59
p-value   0.022   0.587   0.261   0.546   0.074
Fish intake (N) 5200   2322   6089   5902   5954  
 Never/occasionally 1 Ref 1 Ref 1 Ref 1 Ref 1 Ref
 1–2 times/week 2.78 0.66 to 11.61 0.75 0.53 to 0.93 1.11 0.61 to 2.03 1.05 0.69 to 1.61 1.44 0.69 to 3.02
  ≥ 3 times/week 2.46 0.57 to 10.51 1.25 0.54 to 2.89 1.22 0.65 to 2.26 1.03 0.66 to 1.60 1.67 0.78 to 3.57
p-value   0.042   0.028   0.789   0.882   0.524
Dairy product intake (N) 5200   2322   6089   5902   5954  
 Never/occasionally 1 Ref 1 Ref 1 Ref 1 Ref 1 Ref
 1–2 times/week 0.66 0.23 to 1.84 0.79 0.40 to 1.56 1.06 0.62 to 1.82 1.03 0.70 to 1.51 0.64 0.32 to 1.28
  ≥ 3 times/week 0.70 0.28 to 1.78 0.72 0.37 to 1.38 0.99 0.58 to 1.69 0.70 0.46 to 1.05 0.97 0.54 to 1.74
p-value   <0.001   0.186   0.985   0.428   0.271
Fast food consumption (N) 4635   2198   5809   5165   5211  
 Never/occasionally 1 Ref 1 Ref 1 Ref 1 Ref 1 Ref
 1–2 times/week 0.36 0.07 to 1.86 1.68 0.17 to 15.92 1.27 0.15 to 10.21 3.46 0.43 to 27.52 0.85 0.10 to 6.82
  ≥ 3 times/week 0.53 0.09 to 2.95 1.96 0.19 to 19.38 1.47 0.17 to 12.18 2.89 0.35 to 23.52 0.92 0.11 to 7.75
p-value   0.715   0.643   0.302   0.407   0.079
Canteen lunch (N) 4817   2300   6046   5371   5414  
 Never/occasionally 1 Ref 1 Ref 1 Ref 1 Ref 1 Ref
 1–2 times/week 0.57 0.37 to 0.88 0.72 0.52 to 0.99 0.80 0.62 to 1.03 0.83 0.69 to 0.99 0.82 0.71 to 0.91
  ≥ 3 times/week 0.93 0.64 to 1.37 0.88 0.63 to 1.22 0.78 0.60 to 1.03 0.88 0.73 to 1.06 1.07 0.81 to 1.42
p-value   <0.001   0.014   0.011   <0.001   0.005
  1. SPT Skin Prick Test, BHR Bronchial hyper-responsiveness
  2. aAdjusted for gender, place of residence, parental atopic disease, number of siblings (0, 1–2, ≥3), maternal education, parental ethnic origins, breastfeeding, day care center or nursery, overweight and obesity and current exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS)