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Table 3 Gender stratified associations between job insecurity, unemployment and health

From: Is an insecure job better for health than having no job at all? A systematic review of studies investigating the health-related risks of both job insecurity and unemployment

No. Health dimension Health outcome Publication Statistics Job insecurity Unemployment
      Men Women Men Women
1. General health/illness Long-standing illness Ferrie 1997 [31] Odds Ratio (p) 1.06 (n.s.) 3.39 (n.s.) 1.62 (n.s.) 3.76 (n.s.)
2. Number of health problems (over the last year) Ferrie 1997 [31] Mean (p) 1.34 (n.s.) 2.39 (n.s.) 1.57 (n.s.) 2.03 (n.s.)
3. Self-rated health (5-point scale) Ferrie 1997 [31] Odds Ratio (p) 1.52 (n.s.) 1.40 (n.s.) 1.54 (n.s.) 2.08 (n.s.)
4. Mental health Mental Health (GHQ) Ferrie 1997 [31] Mean (p) 2.63 (<.001) 2.82 (<.05) 2.29 (<.01) 2.57 (n.s.)
5. Mental Health (SF-36) Green 2011 [33] Unstandardized OLS coefficient (p) −5.113 (<.001) −3.137 (<.001) −8.037 (<.001) −8.422 (<.001)
6. Mortality Mortality Perlman 2009 [41] Hazards ratio (p) 0.99 (n.s.) 1.15 (n.s.) 1.39 (<.05) 0.67 (n.s.)
7. Somatic symptoms Number of symptoms (in the past fortnight) Ferrie 1997 [31] Mean (p) 3.63 (n.s.) 4.47 (n.s.) 3.94 (n.s.) 3.60 (n.s.)
8. Hypertension Levenstein 2001 [15] Odds Ratio (p) 1.6 (<.05) 1.0 (n.s.) 2.7 (<.05) 0.8 (n.s.)
  1. Abbreviations: GHQ General health Questionnaire; n.s. not significant; OLS Ordinary least squares; p p-value; SF-36 Short Form (36) health survey