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Table 5 The association between violence by multiple perpetrators and symptoms of psychological ill-health in the population sample (Model 2)

From: Lifetime co-occurrence of violence victimisation and symptoms of psychological ill health: a cross-sectional study of Swedish male and female clinical and population samples

   Women Men
    Symptoms of psychological ill-health   Symptoms of psychological ill-health
    Few (score =1–6) Many (score 7–18)   Few (score =1–6) Many (score 7–18)
N = 454 (40.6 %) N =112 (10.0 %) N = 883 (31.5 %) N = 217 (7.7 %)
   N OR 95 % CI OR 95 % CI N OR 95 % CI OR 95 % CI
Civil state Partner 902 1   1   1982 1   1  
  Single 215 1.1 0.8–1.6 1.5 0.9–2.6 819 1.4 1.2–1.7 2.3 1.6–3.2
Education ≥13 501 1   1   1194 1   1  
  <12 616 0.8 0.6–1.05 0.9 0.6–1.5 1607 0.8 0.7–0.99 0.8 0.6–1.1
Occupation Employed 788 1   1   2251 1   1  
  Retired, sick-leave
social welfare
104 2.8 1.6–4.7 8.2 4.0–16.6 187 1.9 1.3–2.9 15.3 9.5–24.6
  Other 225 1.5 1.04–2.1 1.9 1.1–3.4 363 1.4 1.04–1.8 3.1 1.9–4.9
Agegroup <29 248 1   1   567 1   1  
  30–39 234 0.8 0.5–1.3 1.2 0.6–2.5 550 1.0 0.8–1.4 1.0 0.6–1.7
  40–49 279 0.8 0.5–1.2 0.6 0.3–1.3 625 0.8 0.6–1.1 1.4 0.8–2.4
  >50 356 0.8 0.6–1.3 0.6 0.3–1.2 1059 0.7 0.5–0.9 0.7 0.4–1.1
Kind of perpetrator No violence 712 1   1   1619 1   1  
Family 58 3.3 1.8–6.2 7.0 2.7–18.4 102 2.1 1.4–3.4 7.0 3.6–13.9
  Partner 72 4.8 2.7–8.6 7.7 3.0–20.0 35 6.2 2.5–15.2 34.5 12.2–97.6
  Community 125 1.8 1.2–2.7 7.9 4.1–15.3 779 2.0 1.7–2.4 3.9 2.7–5.8
  Fam + Part 28 5.4 1.7–17.1 46.6 13.3–163.0 11 1.7 0.4–7.3 9.2 1.8–47.0
  Fam + Com 46 3.0 1.5–6.3 14.2 5.6–36.0 171 2.4 1.7–3.5 7.9 4.5–13.9
  Part + Com 44 5.7 2.5–12.9 16.5 5.7–48.2 50 4.9 2.4–10.1 26.8 11.2–64.4
  Fam + Part + Com 32 9.1 2.6–31.9 53.2 13.7–206.2 34 4.5 1.7–12.4 54.4 19.3–152.8
Model fit:   R2 = 0.21 (Cox & Snell), 0.24 (Nagelkerke). R2 = 0.17 (Cox & Snell), 0.21 (Nagelkerke).
Model χ2(28) = 258.36 Model χ2(28) = 521.31
  1. Note: Reference category is “no symptoms of psychological ill-health” (score 0). Fam = Family, Part = partner, Acq/Str = Aquaintance/Stranger. Occupation “other” = Unemployed, student, pregnant or parental leave