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Table 3 Mean level of self-management comparison between chronically ill people who have no basic problems and chronically ill people who have basic problems, unadjusted means versus PSM adjusted estimatesa

From: Do everyday problems of people with chronic illness interfere with their disease management?

  Unadjusted means (n) Model-based (adjusted) estimates
  No basic problems Basic problems Mean difference 95 % CI p-values
Self-management      
 Symptom management 2.97 (1174) 2.91 (301) .01 −.27–.28 n.s.
 Active involvement 3.37 (1182) 3.21 (299) −.10 −.23–.03 n.s.
 Coping 2.78 (1183) 2.15 (303) −.29 −.44– −.15 0.000
  1. aModels are adjusted for age, sex, education, comorbidity, perceived general health and physical limitations