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Table 1 Characteristics of participants with blood glucose measurement in the Mongolian STEPS 2009 survey. Men and women aged 35-64 years by diabetes status

From: Adapting existing diabetes risk scores for an Asian population: a risk score for detecting undiagnosed diabetes in the Mongolian population

  Without diabetes (N = 959) Undiagnosed diabetes (N = 59)    Total population
  Mean / % SD Mean / % SD Difference p Mean / % SD n
Sex, men, % 37.1   59.3   −22.2 0.001 38.4   1018
Age, years 46.3 8.1 47.6 7.7 −1.3 0.222 46.4 8.1 1018
Body weight, kg 68.6 13.2 75.9 14.9 −7.3 <0.001 69.0 13.4 1018
Body height, kg 160.0 7.9 163.1 8.9 −3.1 0.004 160.2 8.0 1018
BMI, kg/m2 26.8 4.7 28.5 4.8 −1.7 0.007 26.9 4.7 1018
Waist circumference, cm 88.8 12.6 95.3 12.2 −6.5 <0.001 89.2 12.7 1018
Systolic blood pressure, mmHg 133.9 23.1 144.1 25.6 −10.2 0.001 134.5 23.3 1018
Diastolic blood pressure, mmHg 85.4 13.6 92.0 13.1 −6.6 <0.001 85.8 13.6 1018
Medication for hypertension, % yes 17.1   30.5   −13.4 0.014 17.9   1018
Hypertension or medication, % yes 44.5   71.2   −26.7 <0.001 46.1   1018
History of elevated glucose, % yes 3.5   10.2   −6.6 0.024 3.9   1018
Leisure time phys. act. daily, % no 60.3   79.7   −19.4 0.003 61.4   1018
Phys. act. at work daily, % no 33.5   35.6   −2.1 0.777 33.6   1018
Sitting time/day, hours 2.9 1.9 4.0 2.8 −1.1 <0.001 2.9 2.0 1018
Sitting time 6h or more/day, % yes 16.0   35.6   −19.6 <0.001 17.1   1018
Fruits weekly, % no 54.8   67.8   −12.9 0.892 55.6   1018
Vegetables weekly, % no 33.2   18.6   14.5 0.351 32.3   1018
Daily smoking, % yes 23.0   33.9   −10.9 0.081 23.7   1018
FINDRISC score (coefficients)a 3.9 6.3 8.0 14.4 −4.1 <0.001 4.1 7.1 1018
FINDRISC score (score points)b 5.8 3.6 7.4 4.0 −1.6 0.001 5.9 3.6 1018
Rotterdam scorec 11.7 5.5 14.7 6.8 −2.9 <0.001 11.9 5.7 1018
  1. aFINDRISC score: based on the original coefficients in the model. Variables included age, BMI, waist circumference, use of antihypertensive medication, history of high blood glucose, physical activity, and daily consumption of vegetables, fruits or berries
  2. bFINDRISC score: based on the transformed coefficients expressed as score points
  3. cRotterdam score: Variables included age, sex, use of antihypertensive medication and presence of obesity