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Table 2 For whom GBPA interventions are effective

From: Understanding for whom, under what conditions, and how group-based physical activity interventions are successful: a realist review

  Demographics Eligibility criteria Sample Fitness level Health status
Positive effect group-versus-individuals/aggregate (n =39) M Age (SD) 54.01 (±14.91) Inclusion Criteria 2.69 (±1.96) Reported (n=13) Sedentary (n=8) Healthy (n =12)
    Insufficiently active (n =3) At risk (n =2)
Sex Exclusion Criteria 1.17 (±1.65) Average Participation Rate: 15 % Active (n =3) With chronic condition (n =4)
Male (n=2)   Sample Size M (SD) 1135.13 (±3207.26) Mix (n =8) Both health and at risk (n =2)
Female (n =11)
Mixed (n =26)    Not reported (n =17) Both healthy and have chronic condition (n =0)
Race    Not reported (n =19)
Mixed Racial Composition (n =35)
Primarily Minority (n=4)
Group-versus-group interventions (n=9) M Age (SD) 53.57 (±13.78) Inclusion Criteria 1.44 (±1.13) Reported (n=6) Sedentary (n =2) Healthy (n =0)
Sex Exclusion Criteria 3.11 (±1.83) Average Participation Rate: 28 % Insufficiently active (n =2) At risk (n =3)
Male (n =1)
Female (n =4)   Sample Size M (SD) 165.89 (±111.41) Active (n =1) With chronic condition (n =3)
Mixed (n =4)
Race   Mix (n =0) Both health and at risk (n =2)
Mixed Racial Composition (n =5) Not reported (n =4) Both healthy and have chronic condition (n =1)
Primarily Minority (n =4) Not reported (n =0)
No increase in physical activity (n=4) M Age (SD) 57.81 (±5.99) Inclusion Criteria 1.00 (±1.15) Reported (n=2) Sedentary (n =1) At risk and has chronic condition (n =2)
    Insufficiently active (n =1) Not reported (n =2)
Sex Exclusion Criteria 3.75 (±3.30) Average Participation Rate: 21 %
Male (n =1)   
Female (n =1)   Sample Size M (SD) 112.33 (±112.29) Active (n =0)
Mixed (n =2)  
Race Mix (n =0)
Mixed Racial Composition (n=1) Not reported (n =2)
Primarily Minority (n=3)