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Table 1 Theory-based search terms

From: Understanding for whom, under what conditions, and how group-based physical activity interventions are successful: a realist review

Model Constructs Search terms
Team Building Model (Carron & Spink, 1992) ▪Group cohesion ▪“Group cohesion” ▪Competit*
▪Group structure ▪“Group structure” ▪Group problem solving
▪Group roles ▪“Group roles” ▪Collective efficacy
▪Group norms ▪“Group norms” ▪Group communication
▪Group environment ▪“Group environment” ▪“Communication” AND “group”
▪Distinctiveness/team identity ▪Distinct*
▪Group size ▪Team ident*
▪Leadership ▪“Group size”
▪Group processes ▪Leadership
▪Group goals ▪Group process*
▪Cooperation ▪“Group goals”
▪Competition ▪“Cooperation”
▪Group problem solving
▪Collective efficacy
Group-mediated cognitive-behavior intervention (Brawley, Rejeski, & Lutes, 2000) ▪Distinctiveness ▪Distinct*  
▪Discussion of physical activity behaviors ▪Discussion of behaviors
▪Self-regulatory skills ▪Self-regulat*
▪Outcome expectations ▪Tapering of group*
▪Tapering of groupness ▪Group terminat*
▪Social pressure ▪“Social pressure”
▪Support for group goals ▪“Support” AND “group goals”
Teamwork Model (McEwan & Beauchamp, 2014) ▪Psychological support ▪“Psychological support” ▪“Intrateam coaching”
▪Coordination ▪“Coordination” ▪“Coach*” AND “group”
▪Performance monitoring ▪Performance monitor* ▪Innovation
▪System monitoring ▪System monitor* ▪Integrative conflict manag*
▪Backing up ▪“Backing up” ▪“Emotional support”
▪Intrateam coaching ▪“Task support”
▪Integrative “conflict management”
▪Emotional support
  1. *An asterisk associated with a search term indicates proximity searches. For example "Distinct*" would capture both distinctiveness and distinction