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Table 3 Acceptance of an offer of home-based HIV-testing by socio-demographic characteristics and factors associated with acceptance among ever-testers (N = 1459)

From: Frequency of HIV-testing and factors associated with multiple lifetime HIV-testing among a rural population of Zambian men

  Details Distribution (n, col %) HBHTC (n, row %) Minimally-Adjusted PR (95 % CI)d Adjusted PR (95 % CI)e p-valuef
  Ever tested N = 1459 719 (49.0) - - -
Age 15-19 159 (10.9) 89 (56.0) 0.98 (0.82-1.14) 0.97 (0.81-1.14) 0.01 (<0.01)
20–29 492 (33.7) 272 (55.6) 1.0 1.0
30–39 408 (28.0) 187 (46.2) 0.83 (0.72-0.95) 0.84 (0.73-0.95)  
≥40 400 (27.4) 166 (41.7) 0.75 (0.65-0.86) 0.76 (0.65-0.87)
Household Head No 425 (29.1) 239 (56.2) 1.0 1.0 0.02
Yes 1034 (70.9) 480 (46.4) 0.88 (0.76-1.00) 0.85 (0.74-0.97)
Education None/primary 591 (40.5) 285 (48.4) 1.0 1.0 0.32
Some secondary 517 (35.4) 274 (53.2) 1.05 (0.92-1.18) 1.05 (0.92-1.19)
Complete secondary/higher 351 (24.1) 155 (44.7) 0.89 (0.76-1.03) 0.94 (0.79-1.10)
Occupation None 557 (38.2) 298 (53.7) 1.0 - -
Agriculture (others land) 352 (24.1) 170 (48.4) 0.98 (0.84-1.12)
Agriculture (own land) 322 (22.1) 150 (46.9) 0.95 (0.80-1.10)
Services/Professional 228 (15.6) 96 (42.7) 0.85 (0.70-1.00)
Religion Protestant 577 (40.0) 267 (46.4) 1.0 - -
Catholic 390 (26.7) 204 (52.8) 1.06 (0.92-1.20)
SDA 235 (16.1) 107 (45.5) 0.96 (0.80-1.12)
Other 210 (14.4) 112 (53.8) 1.08 (0.91-1.25)
None 47 (3.2) 24 (51.1) 1.03 (0.71-1.34)
Marital status Single 477 (32.7) 259 (54.5) 1.0 - -
Married/cohabiting 910 (62.4) 419 (46.3) 0.96 (0.81-1.10)
Ever married 72 (4.9) 36 (50.7) 1.12 (0.85-1.40)
Household SEP Group Lowest 264 (18.1) 143 (54.4) 1.0 1.0 0.29 (0.13)
Low 265 (18.2) 137 (51.9) 1.01 (0.84-1.18) 1.00 (0.83-1.18)
Middle 337 (23.1) 172 (51.2) 1.02 (0.85-1.18) 1.01 (0.84-1.17)  
High 313 (21.5) 150 (48.2) 0.98 (0.81-1.15) 0.97 (0.80-1.14)
Highest 280 (19.2) 112 (40.4) 0.81 (0.64-0.99) 0.82 (0.64-1.01)  
Present continuously in previous 6mths No 60 (4.1) 38 (63.3) 1.0 1.0 0.04
Yes 1399 (95.9) 676 (48.6) 0.79 (0.62-0.96) 0.79 (0.62-0.95)
History of TB treatment No 1391 (95.3) 689 (49.8) 1.0 1.0 0.71
Yes 68 (4.7) 25 (36.8) 0.80 (0.56-1.04) 0.95 (0.68-1.21)
HIV statusa Negative 1305 (93.0) 675 (51.7) 1.0 1.0 <0.01
Positive 98 (7.0) 21 (21.4) 0.47 (0.29-0.64) 0.49 (0.30-0.68)
History of multiple HIV-testingb No 617 (42.5) 292 (47.3) 1.0 1.0 0.41
Yes 834 (57.5) 422 (50.6) 1.10 (0.98-1.22) 1.05 (0.93-1.17)
Spouse Characteristics (N = 520)
Currently pregnant No 446 (85.8) 231 (51.8) 1.0 1.0 0.12
Yes 74 (14.2) 30 (40.5) 0.78 (0.56-1.00) 0.82 (0.60-1.03)
Wife Reports having ≥1 Child No 21 (4.0) 10 (47.6) 1.0 - -
Yes 499 (96.0) 252 (50.4) 1.10 (0.58-1.62)
Wife previously HIV-tested No 24 (4.6) 17 (70.8) 1.0 1.0 0.01
Yes 496 (95.4) 245 (49.3) 0.67 (0.50-0.84) 0.66 (0.50-0.81)
Cluster-level Factors
>50 % of men employed No 581 (39.8) 326 (56.4) 1.0 1.0 0.30
Yes 878 (60.2) 388 (44.4) 0.88 (0.75-1.01) 0.92 (0.78-1.06)
>25 % mention 3+ ways to prevent HIV infection No 715 (49.0) 307 (43.2) 1.0 1.0 0.13
Yes 744 (51.0) 407 (55.0) 1.16 (0.99-1.32) 1.12 (0.95-1.30)
HIV Prevalence <10 % 1165 (79.8) 576 (49.7) 1.0 - -
>10 % 294 (20.2) 138 (47.4) 0.98 (0.81-1.16)
ART Available at Health Facilityc No 680 (49.4) 338 (50.0) 1.0 - -
Yes 697 (50.6) 328 (47.3) 0.97 (0.82-1.12)
  1. Number missing data: b8 men missing data on dates of first and last test N=1451 a 56 missing HIV status data; N = 1395; c82 missing data; dAdjusted for age, urban/rural residence and district; eAdjusted for variables higher in the conceptual framework (Fig. 1); fFor adjusted model & based on LRT, p-value in brackets is for assuming linear trend