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Table 3 Differences in characteristics of patients on antihypertensive medications, by hypertension control status

From: Prevalence of hypertension and its treatment among adults presenting to primary health clinics in rural Zambia: analysis of an observational database

Characteristic (unit) Uncontrolled Hypertension (n = 4340) Controlled Hypertension (n = 493) p value
  n (%)  
Female 3175 (73.2) 339 (68.8) 0.038
Age (years)    <0.0001
 25–34 353 (8.1) 113 (22.9)  
 35–44 786 (18.1) 103 (20.9)  
 ≥45 3201 (73.8) 277 (56.2)  
BMI (kg/m2)    <0.0001
 <18.5 328 (7.6) 47 (9.5)  
 18.5-24.9 1634 (37.6) 220 (44.6)  
 25.0-29.9 1000 (23.0) 104 (21.1)  
 ≥30 831 (19.1) 59 (12.0)  
 History of hypertension 1747(40.2) 102 (20.7) <0.0001
Treatments    
 atenelol 439 (10.1) 38 (7.7) 0.09
 enalapril 28 (0.65) 5 (1.0) 0.35
 furosemide 2007 (46.2) 225 (45.6) 0.80
 hydralazine 45 (1.0) 6 (1.2) 0.71
 hydrochlorothiazide amiloride 34 (0.78) 7 (1.4) 0.14
 methyldopa 205 (4.7) 17 (3.4) 0.20
 nifedipine 2259 (52.0) 135 (27.4) <0.0001
 propranolol 560 (12.9) 96 (19.5) 0.0001
  1. Controlled hypertension: on antihypertensive medications with a normal blood pressure measurement (<140/90). Uncontrolled hypertension: on antihypertensive medications without a normal blood pressure measurement