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Table 3 Perceived usefulness and practice of preventive measures against human A/H7N9 influenza infections

From: Knowledge, attitudes, and practices of Hong Kong population towards human A/H7N9 influenza pandemic preparedness, China, 2014

Control measures that can protect from A/H7N9 infections Thought it was useful for prevention Always or usually practicing currently Attitude vs. Practice
  n % n % p-value
Personal hygiene practices
Wash hands more 888 87.2 990 97.1 0.260*
Use soap to wash hands 900 88.5 740 72.6 0.003
Do not share utensils 852 83.9 466 45.9 <0.001
Wear mask when sick 961 94.4 386 39.0 0.576
Bring own utensils during meals 626 62.0 16 1.6 0.314*
Avoid going to public places and use public transport 592 58.4 71 7.0 <0.001
Avoid source of A/H7N9 virus
Avoid contacting with live poultry 949 93.1 767 75.2 <0.001
Avoid eating poultry 568 56.0 183 17.9 <0.001
Avoid going the places having H7N9 confirmed cases 820 80.9 569 55.8 <0.001
Had taken at least 6 out of all 9 measures above 825 80.9 192 18.8 <0.001
  1. *Fisher’s exact test
  2. Differences between the two groups were tested by Chi-square or Fisher’s exact test. Statistical significant level was set to p < 0.05