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Table 3 Partial correlation coefficients controlled for age between blood glucose levels and measures of adiposity, physical activity, education, and adipokines by site and sex

From: A comparison of indices of glucose metabolism in five black populations: data from modeling the epidemiologic transition study (METS)

  Ghana South Africa Jamaica Seychelles United States
  Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women
Sample Size 53 75 43 88 58 70 53 77 74 75
BMI 0.13 −0.02 0.15 0.23* −0.01 0 0.17 0.13 0.31* −0.06
Waist Circumference 0.16 0.07 0.14 0.29* −0.05 −0.02 0.31* 0.18 0.33** 0.01
Percent Body Fat 0.19 −0.04 0.21 −0.17 −0.13 −0.10 0.24 0.14 0.33** −0.01
Education (y) −0.16 −0.05 −0.08 −0.14 0.13 0.24* 0.16 −0.14 −0.27* −0.11
Sample size 49 70 43 88 54 62 50 71 70 72
MVPA (min/day in 1-min bouts) 0.23 0.01 −0.03 −0.19 −0.05 −0.25* −0.35* −0.05 0.15 −0.09
MVPA (min/day in 10-min bouts) 0.18 0.02 −0.09 −0.11 −0.10 −0.25* −0.27 0.03 0.16 0
Sedentary Time (min/day in 1-min bouts) −0.33* −0.31* 0 −0.07 −0.25 −0.08 −0.07 −0.33* −0.32* −0.18
Sample size 53  75 42  88 55 65 46 63 67 61
Leptin (μg/L) 0.04 0.01 0.14 0.07 −0.04 −0.08 0.07 0 0.14 −0.15
Adiponectin (ng/mL) 0.07 −0.02 0 −0.30** 0.07 −0.21 −0.19 0.01 −0.30* −0.04
Insulin (pmol/L) 0.04 0.21 0.12 0.32** 0.19 0.06 0.28* 0.33** 0.35** 0.01
  1. * p < 0.05, ** p < 0.005, *** p < 0.001