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Table 3 Mental health conditions and dependencies for the four groups

From: Disease profiles of detainees in the Canton of Vaud in Switzerland: gender and age differences in substance abuse, mental health and chronic health conditions

Proportion of prisoners with a mental illness (ICD 10 codes) and psychiatric follow-up All Men Older adults Women Chi 2
(N = 1664) (N = 1524) (N = 136) (N = 140) p-value
  % 95 % CI % 95 % CI % 95 % CI % 95 % CI Sex Age
Mental illness classified as a behavioral disorder due to psychoactive substance use (F10-F19) 26.3 24.2-28.4 25.6 23.4-27.9 19.1 12.8-26.7 32.8 25.1-41.3 NS 0.048
  Drugs (F11-12-13-19) 18.0 16.1-19.9 17.2 15.4-19.2 3.7 1.2-8.4 25.7 18.7-33.8 0.013 <0.001
  Pharmaceuticals (F13) 5.2 4.2-6.4 5.3 4.2-6.6 2.2 0.4-6.3 4.2 1.6-9.0 NS NS
  Alcohol (F10) 9.5 8.0-11.1 9.4 8.0-11.0 16.2 10.4-23.4 10.7 6.1-17.0 NS 0.006
Schizophrenia (F 20-F29) 5.3 4.3-6.5 5.1 4.0-6.3 6.6 3.0-12.2 7.1 3.5-12.8 NS NS
Mood [affective] disorders (F30-F39) 2.2 1.6-3.1 1.7 1.1-2.4 3.7 1.2-8.4 7.8 4.0-13.6 <0.001 NS
Neurotic, stress-related and somatoform disorders (F40-F49) = mainly reaction to severe stress, and adjustment disorders 15.9 14.1-17.8 14.8 13.0-16.7 13.2 8.0-20.1 27.1 19.9-35.3 <0.001 NS
Behavioral syndromes associated with physiological disturbances and physical factors (F50-F59) 1.9 1.3-2.7 1.9 1.3-2.7 0.0 0.0 1.4 0.2-5.0 NS NS
Disorders of adult personality and behavior (F60-69) 16.2 14.5-18.0 15.1 13.3-16.9 25.7 18.6-34.0 27.8 20.6-36.0 <0.001 <0.002
Mental retardation (F70-79) and other disorders (F80-99) 2.8 2.0-3.6 2.5 1.8-3.5 3.7 1.2-8.4 5.0 2.0-10.0 NS NS
Any mental disorder (excluding substance use) 35.1 32.8-37.5 33.3 31.0-35.7 42.6 34.2-51.4 55.0 46.3-63.4 <0.001 0.050
  1. NS: not significant (at a 5 % level)