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Table 2 Demographic characteristics, year of entry and length of prison stay for the prison population in the Canton of Vaud and in all of Switzerland for 2011

From: Disease profiles of detainees in the Canton of Vaud in Switzerland: gender and age differences in substance abuse, mental health and chronic health conditions

  Prisoners in the Canton of Vaud National prison population (*) [55]
  All Men Older adults Women   Number of incarcerations
(N = 1,664) (N = 1,524) (N = 136) (N = 140)
Gender in % (N)       
  Male 91.5 (1524) 100 (1524) 89.70 (122) 0 92.0 7,988
  Female 8.5 (140) 0 10.30 (14) 100 8.0 690
Age (mean, SD, range) 32.8 (10.3, [16, 82]) 31.61 (10.6, [16, 82]) 57.02 (6.07, [50, 82]) 38.8 (10.3, [16, 69]) NA  
Age group as % of the total       
  24 and under 23.38 (389) 24.28 (370) 0 13.59 (19) 25.79 2,212
  25–34 39.60 (658) 39.83 (607) 0 36.42 (51) 37.35 3,241
  35–44 22.77 (380) 21.85 (333) 0 33.57 (47) 21.99 1,908
  Over 44 14.24 (237) 14.04 (214) 100 16.42 (23) 15.18 1,317
Nationality in % (N)       
  Swiss 20.0 (332) 19.2 (292) 51.4 (70) 28.6 (40) 36.02 3,126
  Non-Swiss 80.0 (1,332) 80.8 (1,232) 48.6 (66) 71.4 (100) 63.98 5,552
  Eastern Europe 24.7 (411) 25.2 (385) 14.7 (20) 18.6 (26) NA
  Africa 24.4 (406) 25.0 (381) 2.9 (4) 17.8 (25) NA
  Western Europe 13.9 (231) 13.5 (206) 22.0 (30) 17.8 (25) NA
  North Africa and Middle East 12.1 (202) 13.0 (197) 5.9 (8) 3.7 (3) NA
  America 3.5 (58) 2.6 (40) 1.5 (2) 12.8 (18) NA
  Asia 1.4 (24) 1.5 (23) 1.5 (2) 0.7 (1) NA
Marital status in % (N)§ (N = 1,641) (N = 1,501) (N = 135) (N = 140)   
  Divorced 13.5 (221) 12.2 (183) 42.9 (58) 27.1 (38) NA
  Single 65.8 (1,080) 67.5 (1,014) 22.9 (31) 47.1 (66) NA
  Married 19.2 (316) 19.2 (288) 28.1 (38) 20.0 (28) NA
  Widowed 1.5 (24) 1.1 (16) 5.9 (8) 5.8 (8) NA
Year of entry into prison in % (N)       
  Before 2010 10.7 (177) 10.4 (298) 28.0 (38) 23.6 (19) NA
  In 2010 27.3 (454) 27.9 (425) 24.2 (33) 20.7 (29) NA
  In 2011 62.0 (1,033) 61.7 (941) 47.8 (65) 65.7 (92) NA
Length of stay in 2011 in % (N)       
  1 month 22.0 (366) 22.1 (338) 19.1 (26) 20.0 (28) 47.55 4,126
  <3 months 54.8 (913) 55.0 (839) 47.0 (64) 52.8 (74) 67.72 5,877
  < 6 months 73.1 (1,217) 72.7 (1,109) 62.5 (85) 77.1 (108) 79.47 6,896
  1. (*) Characteristics of the national prison population refer to the number of incarcerations and not to the number of individuals
  2. NA: Information not available
  3. (§) This information is missing for 23 observations