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Table 1 Overview of focus group discussions, participant characteristics and latrine ownership and type

From: Socio-cultural and behavioural factors constraining latrine adoption in rural coastal Odisha: an exploratory qualitative study

Number Focus group type Latrine type owned Gender Number of participants Village FGD date
1 NGO field staff (4 NGOs) -na- Men 8 -na- 1 Jul 2011
2 SHG members (6 SHGs) GOI subsidised, improved & not improved Women 12 #1-5 2 Jul 2011
3 Married, high (Brahmin) caste Self-financed Women 9 #6 5 Jul 2011
4 Married, high (Brahmin) caste Self-financed Men 7 #6 5 Jul 2011
5 Newly married young, low (Scheduled) caste GOI subsidised, not improved Women 6 #7 3 Jul 2011
6 Married, Low (Scheduled) caste GOI subsidised, not improved Men 7 #7 3 Jul 2011
7 Married, general caste GOI subsidised, Improved Women 8 #8 6 Jul 2011
8 Married, general caste GOI subsidised, improved Men 8 #8 6 Jul 2011
9 Married, tribal GOI subsidised, improved Women 6 #9a 9 Jul 2011
10 Married, tribal GOI subsidised, improved Men 7 #9a 9 Jul 2011
11 Unmarried adolescentb, lower castes none Women 7 #10 29 Sep 2012
12 Unmarried adolescentb, mixed castes none Men 7 #10 29 Sep 2012
  Total    95 10  
  1. aThe sanitation programme in this village was implemented by Gram Vikas, a well-respected and long-standing NGO acclaimed for their contributions to the water and sanitation sector. They specialise in a unique and very successful integrated water and sanitation approach to promoting village-wide individual household latrines coupled with simultaneous delivery of a new piped water system comprising a yard, bathroom, and latrine tap for each household
  2. bAges were 17 to 21