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Table 6 Association between general (BMI ≥25 Kg/m2) and central obesity (WC: M ≥90 & F ≥80) and socio-demographic and dietary factors in the surveyed population aged ≥20 years

From: Prevalence of obesity in a rural Asian Indian (Bangladeshi) population and its determinants

  General obesity Central obesity
Variables Unadjusted OR (95 % CI) Adjusted OR (95 % CI) P value Unadjusted OR (95 % CI) Adjusted OR (95 % CI) P value
Age (years)
20-30 Ref Ref   Ref Ref  
31-40 1.62 (1.26, 2.08) 1.63 (1.25, 2.13) <0.001 1.61 (1.28, 2.02) 1.69 (1.32, 2.16) <0.001
41-50 1.08 (0.82, 1.42) 1.22 (0.84, 1.49) 0.431 1.33 (1.05, 1.70) 1.56 (1.20, 2.03) 0.001
≥51 0.79 (0.59, 1.07) 0.75 (0.54, 1.03) 0.075 0.96, (0.74, 1.24) 1.05 (0.79, 1.38) 0.741
Sex
Male Ref Ref   Ref Ref  
Female 1.13 (0.93, 1.38) 1.05 (0.81, 1.35) 0.739 2.96 (2.45, 3.57) 3.70 (2.86, 4.79) <0.001
Education
Higher Ref Ref   Ref Ref  
Secondary 2.85 (1.85, 4.39) 2.34 (1.49, 3.67) <0.001 3.32 (2.32, 4.74) 2.13 (1.47, 3.91) <0.001
Primary 2.81 (1.78, 4.47) 2.84 (1.79, 4.51) <0.001 2.65 (1.79, 3.90) 2.65 (1.79, 3.91) <0.001
Illiterate 2.33 (1.49, 3.65) 2.87 (1.86, 4.42) <0.001 2.12 (1.47, 3.09) 3.32 (2.33, 4.74) <0.001
SES
Low Ref Ref   Ref Ref  
Medium 1.68 (1.35, 2.08) 1.69 (1.35, 2.12) <0.001 1.41 (1.17, 169) 1.59 (1.30, 1.94) <0.001
High 3.62 (2.78, 4.70) 3.42 (2.60, 4.50) <0.001 2.52 (1.98, 3.22) 2.91 (2.24, 3.81) <0.001
Smoking
No Ref Ref   Ref Ref  
Yes 0.51 (0.38, 0.68) 0.48 (0.34, 0.68) <0.001 0.75 (0.57, 0.96) 0.70 (0.51, 0.97) 0.031
Physical activity
active Ref Ref   Ref Ref  
inactive 1.42 (1.10, 1.82) 1.58 (1.17, 2.14) 0.003 1.80 (1.42, 2.48) 1.78 (1.32, 2.39) <0.001
CHO intake (%)
≤55 % Ref Ref   Ref Ref  
>55 % 2.72 (1.99, 3.93) 2.78 (2.00, 4.00) <0.001 2.97 (2.76, 3.72) 2.87 (2.04, 4.05) <0.001
Protein intake (%)
<15 % Ref Ref   Ref Ref  
≥15 % 1.45 (1.11, 1.76) 1.25 (1.01, 1.55) 0.039 1.52 (1.25, 1.63) 1.26 (1.02, 1.56) 0.036
Fat intake (%)
<30 % Ref Ref   Ref Ref  
≥30 % 2.20 (1.35, 2.79) 1.78 (1.19, 2.65) 0.005 2.18 (1.85, 2.67) 1.78 (1.19, 2.67) 0.005
  1. Adjusted by age, sec, educational status, socioeconomic status (SES), smoking, physical activity, depression, carbohydrate, protein and fat intake. BMI, body mass index; WC, waist circumference, SES, socio-economic status, CHO, carbohydrate