Skip to main content

Table 3 Multivariate relationships between home protection measures and significant risk factors

From: Heat protection behaviour in the UK: results of an online survey after the 2013 heatwave

Home heat protection measures Number and percentage of respondents who always/often undertook the home heat protection measure Significant risk factors (α = 0.05) Relative risk ratio [95 % CI]
Keep windows that receive the afternoon sun closed during the day N = 670 % =45.1 Age group (base: 18–25)  
26-60 1.0 [0.5, 2.0]
61-75 0.7 [0.4, 1.5]
76+ 1.1 [0.5, 2.5]
Sex (base: male)  
Female 1.5 [1.0, 2.1]*
Ethnicity (base: Non White)  
White 0.9 [0.4, 1.9]
Location (base: South of England)  
East of England and the Midlands 1.1 [0.7, 1.8]
London 0.7 [0.4, 1.2]
North 0.9 [0.5, 1.6]
Scotland 0.4 [0.2, 0.8]*
Wales 0.6 [0.2, 1.3]
Northern Ireland 0.4 [0.1, 2.3]
Education level (base: higher level/university qualification)  
A-Levels/vocational level 3 0.9 [0.5, 1.4]
GCSE O Levels/vocational level 2 0.9 [0.6, 1.4]
Other/ unknown qualification 0.6 [0.2, 1.9]
Income (base: <£15,000 gross yearly)  
£15,000 - £29,999 gross yearly 1.8 [1.1, 2.9]*
£30,000 - £49,999 gross yearly 1.2 [0.7, 2.0]
> £50,000 gross yearly 1.5 [0.8, 2.7]
Open windows at night N = 1139 % = 76.2 Age group (base: 18–25)  
26-60 2.6 [1.1, 6.2]
61-75 3.5 [1.3, 9.2]
76+ 3.9 [1.2, 12.4]
Education level (base: higher level/university qualification)  
O-level/vocational level 2 0.5 [0.2, 0.9]
Income (base: <£15,000 gross yearly)  
£30,000 - £49,999 gross yearly 2.6 [1.0, 6.8]
Close curtain of windows that receive the afternoon sun N = 895 % = 60.0 Location (base: South of England)  
London 0.5 [0.2, 1.0]
North 0.5 [0.3, 1.0]
Always use electric fans N = 710 % = 47.8 Age group (base: 18–25)  
61-75 0.5 [0.3, 0.9]
Location (base: South of England)  
East of England and Midlands 1.7 [1.1, 2.5]
Scotland 0.3 [0.2, 0.7]
Education level (base: higher level/university qualification)  
A-level/vocational level 3 2.8 [1.8, 4.5]
O-level/vocational level 2 1.9 [1.3, 2.7]
Income (base: <£15,000 gross yearly)  
£15,000 - £29,999 gross yearly 1.8 [1.2, 2.7]
  1. *Significant variables at α = 0.05