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Table 2 Differences between app users and non-app users in RPA, perceived health and lifestyle, and self-image

From: App use, physical activity and healthy lifestyle: a cross sectional study

   16 km 6.4 km
   App use No app use Chi2 P App use No app use Chi2 P
   N (%) N (%)    N (%) N (%)   
RPA Decreased/same 624 (23.7) 821 (31.1) 55.49 < 0.001 467 (39.1) 369 (30.9) 17.22 < 0.001
Increased 689 (26.1) 504 (19.1) 246 (20.6) 112 (9.4)
Perceived health Not healthier 497 (18.2) 722 (27.5) 72.71 < 0.001 294 (23.5) 268 (21.4) 18.36 < 0.001
Healthier 863 (31.6) 646 (23.7)    443 (35.4) 246 (19.7)   
Smoking behavioura More/equal 164 (43.3) 111 (29.3) 0.11 0.814 91 (52.3) 52 (29.9) 2.16 0.208
Less 64 (16.9) 40 (10.6)    24 (13.8) 7 (4.0)   
Alcohol consumptionb More/equal 901 (41.5) 897 (41.3) 1.63 0.211 441 (54.4) 296 (36.5) 0.28 0.619
Less 201 (9.3) 173 (8.0)    46 (5.7) 27 (3.3)   
Eat healthier Agree 496 (18.4) 420 (15.6) 10.71 0.001 221 (18.0) 129 (10.5) 3.76 0.052
Disagree 843 (31.3) 932 (34.6)    502 (40.8) 377 (30.7)   
Feel more energetic Agree 923 (34.3) 731 (27.2) 65.17 < 0.001 467 (38.1) 281 (22.9) 9.95 0.002
Disagree 412 (15.3) 623 (23.2)    255 (20.8) 223 (18.2)   
Chance of maintaining sport behaviour Agree 949 (35.3) 868 (32.3) 13.30 < 0.001 538 (44.0) 339 (27.7) 7.33 0.007
Disagree 389 (14.5) 481 (17.9)    183 (15.0) 163 (13.3)   
I know that performing sport is not my thing Agree 21 (0.8) 28 (1.0) 0.97 0.387 12 (1.0) 14 (1.1) 1.82 0.226
Disagree 1313 (49.1) 1316 (49.1)    711 (58.0) 488 (39.8)   
Feel better about myself Agree 859 (32.0) 646 (24.1) 74.19 < 0.0001 492 (40.1) 257 (21.0) 37.60 < 0.0001
Disagree 475 (17.7) 703 (26.2)    229 (18.7) 248 (20.2)   
Feel more like an athlete Agree 605 (22.5) 422 (15.7) 55.40 < 0.0001 343 (28.0) 168 (13.7) 24.68 < 0.0001
Disagree 731 (27.2) 926 (34.5)    377 (30.8) 335 (27.4)   
Changed lifestyle Agree 913 (34.1) 796 (29.7) 25.01 < 0.0001 502 (40.9) 302 (24.6) 12.76 < 0.001
Disagree 421 (15.7) 550 (20.5)    220 (17.9) 204 (16.6)   
Stimulating others to perform sport Agree 657 (24.5) 566 (21.1) 14.65 < 0.001 384 (31.3) 217 (17.7) 12.02 0.001
Disagree 676 (25.2) 784 (29.2)    339 (27.6) 287 (23.4)   
Losing weight Agree 543 (20.2) 399 (14.8) 36.72 < 0.0001 270 (22.0) 125 (10.2) 21.61 < 0.0001
Disagree 794 (29.5) 955 (35.5)    453 (36.9) 380 (30.9)   
Feel tired more often Agree 97 (3.6) 84 (3.1) 1.17 0.282 52 (4.3) 38 (3.1) 0.08 0.824
Disagree 1237 (46.1) 1266 (47.2)    668 (54.7) 463 (37.9)   
  1. aThe participants who did not smoke were excluded
  2. bThe participants who did not drink alcohol were excluded