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Table 1 Phases of meta-ethnography (adapted from Noblit and Hare [13]) [14]

From: The barriers and facilitators to smoking cessation experienced by women’s partners during pregnancy and the post-partum period: a systematic review of qualitative research

Phase of meta-ethnography Processes involved
Phase 1 Reading the studies Developing an understanding of each study’s context and findings.
Phase 2 Determining how the studies are related Comparing contexts and findings across and between studies.
Phase 3 Translating the studies into one another Mapping similarities and differences in findings and translating them into one another; the translations represent a reduced account of all studies. (First level of synthesis)
Phase 4 Synthesising translations Identifying translations that encompass each other and can be further synthesised; expressed as ‘lines of argument’. (Second level of synthesis)