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Table 1 Characteristics of the schools, pre and post intervention

From: Implementation of the HealthKick intervention in primary schools in low-income settings in the Western Cape Province, South Africa: a process evaluation

   Intervention Schools (n = 8) Control Schools (n = 8)
   2008 2011 2008 2011
A School health environment     
1 School food and nutrition environment     
  Schools with shops 6 7 5 6
  Schools with shops selling fruit/salads 1 3 1 1
  Vegetable gardens at schools 1 4 2 3
  Schools having nutrition-related policies 5 7 7 7
  Vendors selling near/at schools 2 2 3 3
2 School physical activity and sport environment     
  Principals’ considering facilities adequate 1 - 0 -
  School grounds considered clean and safe by research team 4 4 3 3
3 Staff Health     
  Principals’ perception of staff health (as one of the top three health problems for staff)     
  Lack of physical activity by staff 3 8 8 8
  Tobacco use by staff 2 2 0 1
  Unhealthy diet among staff 4 4 2 2
  Overweight among staff 5 6 5 6
4 Chronic diseases and diabetes awareness     
  Principals’ perception of NCDs as one of the top three problems for     
  Staff 5 4 6 7
  Parents 2 4 3 3
  Learners (overweight/obesity) 0 0 0 1
B Factors to consider in programme development/implementation     
1. Community and environmental factors     
  Parents’ substance abuse reported as a problem 7 - 7 -
  Poverty and unemployment in the community (to a great extent a problem) 8 - 7 -
  Crime and violence in the community in general (to a great extent a problem) 5 - 6 -
2. Barriers to adopting health programmes (principals’ perceptions)     
  Too little time within the timetable 2 - 3 -
  Too many competing priorities 2 - 3 -
  Lack of capacity/training and availability of human resources 4 - 4 -
  Lack of financial resources 6 - 5 -
  Inadequate facilities 4 - 3 -
  Lack of interest/willingness from outside organizations 1 - 1 -
  Lack of interest from learners 0 - 1 -
  Lack of interest/support from educators 1 - 0 -
  Lack of interest/support from parents 2 - 3 -
  Unsafe for learners to stay after school to participate 1 - 0 -