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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of the study population

From: A body shape index and body roundness index: two new body indices to identify diabetes mellitus among rural populations in northeast China

Variables Totel (N = 11,345) Nondiabetics (n = 10,163) Diabetics (n = 1182) P-value
Age (years) 53.8 ± 10.6 53.4 ± 10.6 57.5 ± 9.7 <0.001
Man (%) 5253 (46.3) 4731 (46.6) 522 (44.2) 0.12
Education     <0.001
Low 5760 (50.8) 4960 (48.8) 692 (58.5)  
Middle 4539 (38.4) 4231 (41.6) 392 (33.2)  
High 1046 (9.2) 972 (9.6) 98 (8.3)  
Family income (dollar/year)     0.06
<5000 1607 (14.2) 1238 (12.2) 166 (14.0)  
5000–20,000 6060 (53.4) 5547 (54.6) 646 (54.7)  
>20,000 3678 (32.4) 3378 (33.2) 370 (31.3)  
Smokers (%) 4007 (35.3) 3647 (35.9) 360 (30.5) <0.001
Drinkers (%) 2565 (22.6) 2311 (22.7) 254 (21.5) 0.32
Han (%) 10,759 (94.8) 9640 (94.9) 1119 (94.7) 0.79
Othersa (%) 586 (5.2) 523 (5.1) 63 (5.3)  
Anthropometric measures     
Height (m) 1.61 ± 0.08 1.61 ± 0.08 1.60 ± 0.08 <0.001
BMI (kg/m2) 24.8 ± 3.7 24.6 ± 3.6 26.2 ± 3.7 <0.001
WC (cm) 82.4 ± 9.8 81.9 ± 9.7 87.1 ± 9.5 <0.001
ABSI (m11/6 kg−2/3) 0.0767 ± 0.0052 0.0765 ± 0.0052 0.0783 ± 0.0048 <0.001
BRI 3.70 ± 1.22 3.49 ± 1.11 3.87 ± 1.29 <0.001
WHtR 0.51 ± 0.06 0.51 ± 0.06 0.55 ± 0.06 <0.001
Measurement indicators     
Uric acid (mg/dL) 291.9 ± 84.8 290.9 ± 84.0 300.1 ± 91.4 <0.001
SBP (mmHg) 141.7 ± 23.4 140.3 ± 23.0 153.2 ± 24.0 <0.001
DBP (mmHg) 82.0 ± 11.8 81.6 ± 11.6 85.5 ± 12.5 <0.001
LDL-c (mmol/L) 2.9 ± 0.8 2.9 ± 0.8 3.2 ± 0.9 <0.001
HDL-c (mmol/L) 1.4 ± 0.4 1.4 ± 0.4 1.3 ± 0.3 <0.001
TG (mmol/L) 1.6 ± 1.5 1.5 ± 1.3 2.5 ± 2.6 <0.001
TC (mmol/L) 5.2 ± 1.1 5.2 ± 1.1 5.6 ± 1.3 <0.001
FPG (mmol/L) 5.9 ± 1.6 5.5 ± 0.6 9.3 ± 3.2 <0.001
  1. Abbreviations: ABSI a body shape index, BMI body mass index, BRI body roundness index, CNY China Yuan (1CNY = 0.161 USD), FPG fasting plasma glucose, HDL-C high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, LDL-C low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, DBP diastolic blood pressure, SBP systolic blood pressure, SD standard deviation, TC total cholesterol, TG triacylglycerol, WC waist circumference, WHtR waist-to-height ratio
  2. aIncluding some ethnic minorities in China, such as Mongol and Manchu