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Table 5 Illness signs in children regressed on Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) and contextual, resource and care factors

From: Associations between intimate partner violence, childcare practices and infant health: findings from Demographic and Health Surveys in Bolivia, Colombia and Peru

  Boliviaa   Colombiaa   Perua
  B O.R. C.I.   B O.R. C.I.   B O.R. C.I.
Independent measures:            
Maternal age (continuous) −0.03 0.97 0.96, 0.99   −0.02 0.98 0.97, 0.99   −0.01 0.99 0.98, 1.00
Ever any IPV (ref = No)b 0.31 1.37 1.14, 1.63   −0.09 1.10 0.98, 1.23   0.40 1.49 1.26, 1.77
Severe child physical punishment (ref = No) −0.14 1.15 0.91, 1.47   −0.17 1.18 1.03, 1.35   -.18 1.19 0.99, 1.43
Urban/rural residence (ref = Urban) 0.41 1.50 1.09, 2.07   −0.39 0.68 0.55, 0.83   −0.21 0.81 0.64, 1.03
Region (ref = Altiplano/Bogotá/Sierra)            
Valle/Oriental/Coast 0.07 1.08 0.87, 1.33   0.05 1.05 0.81, 1.35   0.19 1.21 0.98, 1.48
Llano/Pacífica/Amazon basin 0.42 1.52 1.19, 1.95   0.30 1.27 0.98, 1.64   0.49 1.63 1.29, 2.05
Amazonas-Orinoquía      0.24 1.34 1.04, 1.74     
Central      0.40 1.49 1.17, 1.88     
Caribbean      0.64 1.90 1.48, 2.43     
Maternal education (ref = Complete secondary/higher)            
Incomplete secondary 0.04 1.04 0.77, 1.41   0.06 0.94 0.81, 1.10   −0.09 0.92 0.72, 1.16
Complete primary −0.09 0.91 0.62, 1.33   −0.12 0.89 0.73, 1.08   −0.29 0.75 0.57, 0.99
Incomplete primary 0.00 1.00 0.78, 1.29   −0.14 0.87 0.71, 1.07   −0.25 0.78 0.59, 1.04
No education −0.21 0.81 0.41, 1.63   −0.14 0.87 0.59, 1.27   0.33 1.39 0.71, 2.73
Household Wealth Index (ref = Fifth/Richest)            
Fourth −0.11 0.89 0.69, 1.16   0.14 1.15 0.97, 1.37   0.21 1.22 .92, 1.61
Third −0.10 0.90 0.67, 1.22   0.27 1.30 1.07, 1.59   0.30 1.34 1.02, 1.76
Second 0.03 0.97 0.62, 1.50   0.46 1.58 1.23, 2.03   0.26 1.28 0.93, 1.75
First −0.04 0.96 0.61, 1.51   0.33 1.38 1.04, 1.85   0.46 1.57 1.12, 2.21
Hand wash after cleaning baby/changing diapers (ref = Yes)      0.05 1.05 0.81, 1.36   −0.13 0.87 0.70, 1.09
Handling child’s stools (ref = Safe) −0.05 0.96 0.80, 1.14   −0.17 0.85 0.75, 0.96   0.10 1.11 0.93, 1.33
Take child to health facility if ill with diarrhoea/fever/vomit (ref = Yes)   N.A    0.20 1.23 0.91, 1.65   0.17 1.19 0.83, 1.70
Take child to health facility if child has cough (ref = Yes)   N.A    −0.11 0.90 0.79, 1.02   −0.11 0.90 0.76, 1.08
Take child to health facility if child has short, rapid breaths (ref = Yes)   N.A    −0.12 0.89 0.74, 1.06   −0.18 0.83 0.68, 1.02
Complete immunization (ref = Yes) 0.05 1.05 0.85, 1.30   −0.04 0.96 0.84, 1.09   −0.10 0.91 0.75, 1.09
  1. OR indicates odds ratio, CI indicates confidence interval, ref indicates reference category
  2. Odds Ratios with Confidence Intervals not including 1 are indicated in bold
  3. aDue to data availability limitations, for Bolivia, IPV past 12 months is predictor and not ever experienced any IPV by current partner r2 model fit estimates = 0.03–0.04, 0.04–0.05, and 0.03–0.05 for Bolivia, Colombia and Peru respectively
  4. bDue to data availability limitations, for Bolivia, IPV past 12 months is predictor and not ever experienced any IPV by current partner