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Table 4 Bivariate association of possible predictors with reported signs of illness in children 0–59 months. DHS Bolivia 2008, Colombia 2010, and Peru 2012

From: Associations between intimate partner violence, childcare practices and infant health: findings from Demographic and Health Surveys in Bolivia, Colombia and Peru

  Bolivia 2008 (N = 3586) Colombia 2010 (N = 9955) Peru 2012 (N = 6260)
  Illness signs Illness signs Illness signs
  Adjusted F df Adjusted F df Adjusted F df
Domestic violence       
 Ever any IPV - - 4.105* 1, 3334 30.478*** 1, 1341
 IPV past 12 months 13.105*** 1, 928 2.891 1, 3483 20.993*** 1, 1341
 Severe physical punishment of child 2.266 1, 928 3.339 1, 3334 9.748** 1, 1341
Contextual factors       
 Urban/rural residence 9.745** 1, 928 2.975 1, 3334 0.580 1, 1341
 Geographic region 4.946** 1, 928 18.636*** 4, 13393 22.975*** 2, 2568
Resources       
 Household wealth 2.787* 4, 3657 4.504*** 4, 12834 0.668 4, 5073
 Maternal education 1.553 4, 3678 0.775 4, 13194 2.235 4, 5240
 Sanitation 0.512 1, 928 2.552 1, 3334 1.673 1, 1341
Care       
 Hand wash after using the toilet - - - - 0.010 1, 1341
 Hand wash after changing diapers - - 0.606 1, 3334 8.239** 1, 1341
 Hand wash before preparing meals - - - - 0.593 1, 1341
 Hand wash before serving food - - - - 0.684 1, 1341
 Hand wash before eating - - - - 1.214 1, 1341
 Hand wash before feeding child - - - - 2.599 1, 1341
 Disposal of child stools 0.065 1, 928 1.405 1, 3334 9.532** 1, 1341
 Take child to health facility if it doesn’t eat or drink - - 1.276 1, 3334 0.831 1, 1341
 Take child to health facility if becomes sicker - - 1.277 1, 3334 0.169 1, 1341
 Take child to health facility if diarrhoea/fever/vomits - - 5.060* 1, 3334 1.058 1, 1341
 Take child to health facility if it has short, rapid breaths - - 0.587 1, 3334 10.797*** 1, 1341
 Take child to health facility if it has cough/difficulty breathing - - 7.845*** 1, 3334 3.806 1, 1341
 Take child to health facility if it has blood in stools - - 1.870 1, 3334 0.001 1, 1341
 Minimum acceptable diet 3.714 1, 928 0.275 1, 3334 0.247 1, 1341
 Complete immunization age specific 0.070 1, 928 0.853 1, 3334 0.009 1, 1341
  1. *Association is statistically significant at p < .05
  2. **Association is statistically significant at p < .01
  3. ***Association is statistically significant at p < .005