Skip to main content

Table 1 Anthropometric and metabolic characteristics of the study subjects

From: Self-efficacy regarding physical activity is superior to self-assessed activity level, in long-term prediction of cardiovascular events in middle-aged men

Characteristics All (n = 377) VAS ≥ 50 mm (n = 56) VAS < 50 mm (n = 321) Inactive lifestyle (n = 39) Moderate PA (n = 260) Vigorous PA (n = 78)
Weight (kg) 84.6 ± 15.0 86.8 ± 17.3 84.1 ± 14.5 87.6 ± 16.2 84.5 ± 15.1 83.4 ± 14.1
Waist circumference (cm) 96 ± 12 99 ± 14 96 ± 12 101 ± 13 96 ± 12 93 ± 11*
Waist-hip ratio 0.94 ± 0.07 0.97 ± 0.08* 0.94 ± 0.06 0.97 ± 0.08 0.95 ± 0.06 0.92 ± 0.06***
Sagittal abdominal diameter (cm) 22 ± 4 23 ± 4 22 ± 3 23 ± 4 22 ± 4 20 ± 3*
Blood pressure (mmHg)       
Systolic 129 ± 17 132 ± 17 129 ± 17 130 ± 18 130 ± 18 126 ± 13
Diastolic 77 ± 10 77 ± 11 77 ± 10 78 ± 11 77 ± 10 76 ± 8
Heart rate (bpm) 64 ± 10 67 ± 10* 64 ± 10 69 ± 10 64 ± 10 60 ± 8***
Plasma glucose (mmol/L) 5.5 ± 1.3 5.9 ± 2.0* 5.4 ± 1.1 5.9 ± 2.0 5.9 ± 2.0 5.9 ± 2.0
Serum cholesterol (mmol/L)       
Total 6.01 ± 1.11 6.20 ± 1.22 5.96 ± 1.07 6.18 ± 1.24 6.02 ± 1.15 5.91 ± 0.85
LDL 4.02 ± 0.93 4.17 ± 1.08 4.02 ± 0.93 4.10 ± 1.01 4.08 ± 1.00 3.94 ± 0.79
HDL 1.27 ± 0.36 1.27 ± 0.41 1.27 ± 0.36 1.20 ± 0.32 1.26 ± 0.36 1.36 ± 0.43
Triglyceridesa 1.32 ± 1.06 1.56 ± 0.95* 1.32 ± 1.06 1.67 ± 1.82 1.36 ± 0.83 1.23 ± 1.19*
Apolipoproteins (g/L)       
ApoB 1.20 ± 0.27 1.27 ± 0.29 1.20 ± 0.27 1.27 ± 0.26 1.22 ± 0.29 1.15 ± 0.23*
ApoA-I 1.42 ± 0.22 1.42 ± 0.27 1.42 ± 0.22 1.35 ± 0.20 1.42 ± 0.22 1.46 ± 0.26
ApoB/apoA-I ratio 0.87 ± 0.24 0.93 ± 0.28 0.87 ± 0.24 0.97 ± 0.26 0.88 ± 0.24 0.82 ± 0.25*
Smoking (yes) b n, % 89, 23.6 11, 19.6 78, 24.3 11, 28.2 68, 26.2 10, 12.8f
Cigarette years 333 ± 419 358 ± 391 333 ± 419 499 ± 498 342 ± 412 216 ± 334***
Alcohol intake (g/day) 17.4 ± 15.8 16.0 ± 14.3 17.4 ± 15.8 19.5 ± 16.4 17.1 ± 16.0 15.2 ± 11.3
PARc failure, % 26, 6.9 11, 19.6*** 15, 4.7 4, 10.3 17, 7.0 5, 6.8
Lenght of education (years) 11.8 ± 3.8 12.1 ± 4.0 11.8 ± 3.8 11.4 ± 3.9 11.6 ± 3.7 12.6 ± 4.1
  1. a Geometric mean
  2. b Pearson Chi-square
  3. * <0.05, *** <0.001 compared to VAS <50 mm; * <0.05, *** < 0.001 for trend