Skip to main content

Table 2 Odds ratio of male circumcision status and socio-economic and behavioural characteristics across 11 priority countries

From: Understanding the socio-economic and sexual behavioural correlates of male circumcision across eleven voluntary medical male circumcision priority countries in southeastern Africa

Country Zimbabwe Zambia Tanzania Swaziland Rwanda Namibia Mozambique Malawi Lesotho Kenya Ethiopia
N = 7,421 N = 6,495 N = 2,526 N = 4,155 N = 6,323 N = 3,912 N = 4,034 N = 7,159 N = 3,315 N = 3,464 N = 14,073
Marital Status
 Never in union (Referent) (Referent) (Referent) (Referent) (Referent) (Referent) (Referent) (Referent) (Referent) (Referent) (Referent)
 Married 1.70* 1.20* 0.88 2.27* 0.78* 1.39* 1.62* 1.17* 2.63* 1.51* 1.09
 Separate 1.69* 1.32 1.19 2.46* 0.96 2.08* 1.34* 1.34 2.75* 1.96* 1.99*
Occupationb
 Professional (Referent) (Referent) (Referent) (Referent) (Referent) (Referent) (Referent) (Referent) (Referent) (Referent) (Referent)
 Clerical 1.13 0.98 0a 0.51* 0.48* 0.84 0.61* 1.72* 1.02 1.54 1.34
 Skilled agricultural 0.89 1.06 0.26* 0.58* 0.11* 0.67* 0.68* 1 2.52* 0.66* 0.78
 Elementary worker 0.92 0.88 0.66 0.44* 0.22* 0.72 0.57* 1.18 1.31 0.88 1.45
 Non worker 0.67* 0.87 0.41* 0.26* 0.13* 0.53* 0.34* 0.89   0.39* 0.84
Access to Media
 Good 0a (Referent) (Referent) (Referent) 0a (Referent) 0a (Referent) (Referent) (Referent) 0a
 Fair (Referent) 0.94 0.72* 0.73 (Referent) 0.70* (Referent) 1 1.67* 0.75* (Referent)
 Poor 0.94 1.33* 0.66* 0.98 0.45* 0.69 1.78* 0.84 2.09* 1.05 0.50*
 No access 0.90 1.2 0.26* 0.8 0.28* 0.51* 0.92 1.21 2.52* 1.05 0.38*
Tobacco Usec
 No (Referent) (Referent) (Referent) (Referent) (Referent) (Referent) (Referent) (Referent) (Referent) (Referent) (Referent)
 Yes 1.65* 1.29* 1.27 1.53* 0.8 1.37* 1.27* 1.07 2.20* 2.92* 0.83*
Attitude towards wifed
 Good attitude (Referent) (Referent) (Referent) (Referent) (Referent) (Referent) (Referent) (Referent) (Referent) (Referent) (Referent)
 Poor attitude 1.45 0.84 0.74 0.62 2.25 2.27 0.96 0.98 0.95 1.05 1.06
HIV/AIDS prevention knowledgee
 Yes (Referent) (Referent) (Referent) (Referent) (Referent) (Referent) (Referent) (Referent) (Referent) (Referent) (Referent)
 No 0.62* 0.76* 0.83 0.43* 0.53* 0.74* 0.96 1.07 1.11 1.26* 0.62*
  1. Note: 0.02 % (Mozambique) to 0.79 % (Zimbabwe) participants did not respond to question on circumcision
  2. *p < 0.05
  3. aNo respondents in this category
  4. b0.02 % (Zimbabwe) to 30.4 % (Lesotho) participants have missing information for occupation
  5. c0.02 % (Namibia) to 0.03 % (Malawi) participants have missing information for smoking
  6. dThis variable only includes married male respondents, of whom 0.43 % (Malawi) to 2.1 % (Kenya) did not respond to attitude towards wife
  7. e1.5 % (Rwanda) to 11.6 % (Lesotho) participants said “don’t know” for HIV/AIDS prevention knowledge