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Table 1 Odds ratio of male circumcision status and socio-economic and behavioural characteristics with data combined for 11 countries

From: Understanding the socio-economic and sexual behavioural correlates of male circumcision across eleven voluntary medical male circumcision priority countries in southeastern Africa

Characteristic OR (95 % CI) p-value
Age groups, years
 15–19 (Referent)  
 20–24 1.37 (1.30–1.44) 0.000*
 25–29 1.41 (1.33–1.48) 0.000*
 30–34 1.44 (1.36–1.52) 0.000*
 35–39 1.64 (1.54–1.74) 0.000*
 40–44 1.65 (1.54–1.76) 0.000*
 45–49 1.66 (1.54–1.78) 0.000*
 50–54 1.64 (1.51–1.78) 0.000*
 55–59 2.36 (2.12–2.63) 0.000*
Place of residence
 Urban (Referent)  
 Rural 0.83 (0.80–0.86) 0.000*
Marital statusa
 Never in union (Referent)  
 Married 1.37 (1.33–1.42) 0.000*
 Separate 1.39 (1.28–1.50) 0.000*
Education
 Higher (Referent)  
 Secondary 0.36 (0.33–0.38) 0.000*
 Primary 0.62 (0.58–0.66) 0.000*
 No education 1.75 (1.62–1.89) 0.000*
Religionb
 Muslim (Referent)  
 Christian 0.023 (0.021–0.026) 0.000*
 Others 0.013 (0.011–0.014) 0.000*
Wealth Index
 Richest (Referent)  
 Richer 0.60 (0.58–0.63) 0.000*
 Middle 0.62 (0.59–0.65) 0.000*
 Poorer 0.67 (0.64–0.71) 0.000*
 Poorest 0.73 (0.69–0.77) 0.000*
Occupationc
 Professional (Referent)  
 Clerical 0.78 (0.72–0.84) 0.000*
 Skilled agricultural 0.74 (0.69–0.79) 0.000*
 Elementary worker 0.47 (0.43–0.51) 0.000*
 Non worker 0.30 (0.28–0.32) 0.000*
Access to Media
 Good (Referent)  
 Fair 1.59 (1.53–1.65) 0.000*
 Poor 2.39 (2.28–2.52) 0.000*
 No access 2.09 (1.98–2.22) 0.000*
Tobacco Used
 No (Referent)  
 Yes 1.04 (1.002–1.085) 0.041*
Attitude towards wife (among married respondents)e
 Good attitude (Referent)  
 Poor attitude 0.97 (0.88–1.06) 0.477
HIV/AIDS prevention knowledgef
 Yes (Referent)  
 No 0.83 (0.80–0.86) 0.000*
  1. Note: 132 participants did not respond to circumcision questions
  2. *p < 0.05
  3. aOne respondent have missing information for marital status
  4. b2,567 participants have missing information for religion
  5. c1,684 participants have missing information for occupation
  6. dFive respondents have missing information for smoking
  7. eAmong the 32,256 married respondents, 1,423 (4 %) of them did not respond to questions on attitude towards wife
  8. fFor this variable, all participants (N = 12,806) was included. Of these, 1,896 said “don’t know” on questions for knowledge of prevention of HIV/AIDS