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Table 1 Session content and links with theoretical constructs

From: Reducing electronic media use in 2–3 year-old children: feasibility and efficacy of the Family@play pilot randomised controlled trial

Session Key content Theoretical elements from SCT key content addresses
   Personal level Behavioural level Environmental level
1 • Raise awareness of volume of child’s screen use & recommendations • Knowledge • Frequency • Physical environment characteristics
• Recognise benefits of reducing screen use • Outcome expectancies • Duration • Social support/constraints
• Motivation • Mode
• Reinforcements/rewards • Self-control/ regulation /goal setting
• Self-monitoring
• Behavioural capability
2 • Correlates of young children’s EM use • Reinforcements/rewards • Frequency • Social and/or physical environment
• Strategies to spend less time in electronic media use – rules, say no, be active instead, have safe places in your home where your child can play on his/her own, encourage your child into other activities, decrease parent electronic media use, no TV in bedroom, no TV during meals, fewer TVs in home, use radio/CD for background noise • Outcome expectations • Duration
• Self-efficacy • Mode
• Knowledge • Self-monitoring
• Outcome expectancies • Goal setting
• Motivation • Self-control/ regulation
• Skills
• Role modelling/ observational learning
3 • Neural networks and what happens in the brain when we try to change behaviour – change, resistance, reinforcement, new behaviour • Reinforcements/rewards • Frequency; or • Social and/or physical environment
• Outcome expectations • Duration; or
• Self-efficacy • Mode
• Knowledge • Self-monitoring
• Outcome expectancies • Goal setting
• Motivation • Self-control
• Self-regulation
4 • Behaviour change strategies – monitoring (and re-monitoring when necessary), planning (for normal and unusual days), goal setting (record goals, review), challenge identification & problem solving, praise and reinforcement • Reinforcements/ rewards • Frequency; or • Social and/or physical environment
• Outcome expectations • Duration; or
• Self-efficacy • Mode
• Knowledge • Self-monitoring
• Motivation • Goal setting
• Super family challenge – no electronic media for entertainment for the whole family for the whole week • Emotional coping responses • Skills  
• Self-control/ regulation
5 • Relapse prevention • Reinforcements/rewards • Frequency; or • Social and/or physical environment
• How to manage high risk situations • Outcome expectations • Duration; or
• Taking care of yourself • Self-efficacy • Mode
• Knowledge • Self-monitoring
• Motivation • Goal setting
• Outcome expectations • Skills
• Emotional coping responses • Behavioural capability
• Motivation • Self-control/regulation
• Outcome expectancies
• Reinforcements/ rewards
Fathers’ session • Electronic media recommendations • Reinforcements/rewards • Frequency, duration and mode • Social and/or physical environment
• Benefits of reducing electronic media • Outcome expectations • Self-monitoring
• Importance of dads, dad-focused activities to do with child, especially Rough & Tumble play • Self-efficacy • Goal setting
• Knowledge • Skills
• Motivation • Behavioural capability
• Outcome expectancies • Self-control/regulation