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Table 2 Odds ratio (OR) of chronic self-perceived psychological stress for metabolic risk factors and subclinical atherosclerosis by gender

From: Self-perceived stress is associated with adiposity and atherosclerosis. The GEA Study

Metabolic risk factors Female n = 79 Male n = 47
  OR (95 % CI) P value OR (95 % CI) P value OR (95 % CI) P value OR (95 % CI) P value
  Model 1 Model 2 Model 1 Model 2
Systemic hypertension 0.66 (0.32 – 1.37) 0.27 0.59 (0.28 – 1.26) 0.17 1.12 (0.52 – 2.40) 0.75 0.95 (0.43 – 2.06) 0.90
Hyper trigliceridemia 1.31 (0.81 – 2.12) 0.27 0.61 (0.29 – 1.29) 0.20 0.89 (0.48 – 1.66) 0.72 0.94 (0.43 – 2.05) 0.88
Hypoalpha lipoproteinemia 2.13 (1.26 – 3.50) 0.004 1.33 (0.80 – 2.20) 0.26 0.92 (0.50 – 1.71) 0.81 0.71 (0.37 – 1.36) 0.30
Diabetes Mellitus 0.81 (0.38 – 1.71) 0.58 0.74 (0.34 – 1.60) 0.45 0.98 (0.41 – 2.32) 0.96 0.74 (0.28 – 1.92) 0.74
Metabolic Syndrome 1.46 (0.89 – 2.37) 0.12 1.45 (0.75 – 2.79) 0.26 1.05 (0.57 – 1.94) 0.85 1.12 (0.45 – 2.78) 0.79
Obesity 1.52 (0.92 – 2.51) 0.09 1.44 (0.86 – 2.41) 0.15 2.89 (1.55 – 5.30) 0.001 2.85 (1.51 – 5.40) 0.001
SAF p > 75 1.49 (0.91 – 2.43) 0.11 1.81 (0.88 – 3.71) 0.10 1.50 (0.77 – 2.92) 0.22 0.46 (0.16 – 1.30) 0.14
VAF p > 75 1.29 (0.77 – 2.15) 0.37 1.15 (0.60 – 2.22) 0.66 1.62 (0.83 – 3.16) 0.15 1.14 (0.48 – 2.67) 0.75
TAF p > 75 1.19 (0.72 – 1.96) 0.49 0.93 (0.40 – 2.17) 0.88 1.30 (0.67 – 2.51) 0.43 0.38 (0.13 – 1.14) 0.08
Increased IMT 2.38 (1.35 – 4.10) 0.003 2.62 (1.47 – 4.60) 0.001 0.81 (0.32 – 2.04) 0.66 0.78 (0.30 – 1.99) 0.60
  1. All associations were tested using logistic regression
  2. Adjustment model = M 1 = age, current smoking, alcohol intake, physical activity, marital status
  3. Adjustment model = M 2 = Model 1 + Systolic BP, HDL-C, LDL-C, TG and Glucose
  4. Hipertriglyceridemia = TG >150 mg/dl, Hipoalphalipoproteinemia = HDL <40 mg/dl in men and < 50 mg/dl in women, SAF = Subcutaneous abdominal fat, VAF = Visceral abdominal fat, TAF = total abdominal fat and IMT = Intima media thickness