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Table 2 Thematic codes by frequency

From: A quantitative content analysis of UK newsprint coverage of proposed legislation to prohibit smoking in private vehicles carrying children

  Total
n %
Health risks to children
 Mentions children as victims of SHS exposure 280 66.4
 Mentions that SHS is related to children’s health 261 61.9
 Mentions harms to foetuses from SHS during pregnancy 144 34.1
 Mentions exposure-duration or concentration of SHS as health risk 109 25.8
 Mentions later-life biological harms to children of SHS 72 17.1
 Mentions behavioural harms to children of SHS 64 15.2
 Mentions children as advocates against SHS 53 12.6
 Mentions third-hand smoking as a harm to children 17 4.0
Adults and primary carers
 Mentions non-specified adults’ smoking behaviours 226 53.6
 Mentions parents’ awareness of SHS and behaviour modification 120 28.4
 Mentions poor parenting in relation to SHS and children 72 17.1
 Mentions parents as unaware or lacking education about SHS 65 15.4
 Mentions parental deprivation, lack of education or unhealthy lifestyles 62 14.7
 Mentions mothers’ smoking (exc. during pregnancy) 51 12.1
 Mentions parents’ awareness of SHS and no behaviour modification 49 11.6
 Mentions fathers’ smoking 38 9.0
 Mentions harms to mothers of smoking during pregnancy 31 7.4
Environment
 Mentions harms to children of SHS exposure in the home 143 33.9
 Mentions harms of SHS exposure in vehicles to children 116 27.5
 Mentions harms to children of SHS exposure in public places 35 8.3
Policy responses
 Mentions solutions for SHS other than legislation 142 33.7
 Mentions arguments supporting prohibition of smoking in vehicles carrying children 100 23.7
 Mentions arguments opposing prohibition of smoking in vehicles carrying children 73 17.3
 Mentions consequences for children of the smoking ban in public places 63 14.9
 Mentions a ban on smoking in public places to protect children from SHS 54 12.8
 Mentions other policies limit children’s exposure to SHS 45 10.7
 Mentions other countries’ policies to protect children from SHS 29 6.9
Societal and cultural factors
 Mentions anti-legislation stance (excluding smoke-free car legislation) 67 15.9
 Mentions the costs of SHS to society (economy, health, loss of life etc.) 61 14.5
 Mentions the vilification of, or and attacks on, smokers 47 11.1
 Mentions de-normalisation of smoking 41 9.7