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Table 6 Linear regression of depressive symptomsa explained by ethnicity, with work stress as potential mediator

From: Do unfavourable working conditions explain mental health inequalities between ethnic groups?: cross-sectional data of the HELIUS study

Works stress Models: 1: Ethnicity + age and gender 2: Ethnicity + work stress + age and gender Attenuation %b Mediation testc 95 % CI (bootstrap)
  b 95 % CI b 95 % CI    
Dutch (reference) - - - -   - -
African Surinamese 0.01 (−0.30 to 0.32) 0.47 (0.18 to 0.76) - −0.47 (−0.61 to −0.34)
South-Asian Surinamese 1.07 (0.75 to 1.39) 1.17 (0.87 to 1.47) - −0.07 (−0.21 to 0.08)
Turkish 1.82 (1.49 to 2.16) 1.91 (1.60 to 2.21) - −0.08 (−0.22 to 0.08)
Ghanaian −0.34 (−0.71 to 0.03) 0.50 (0.15 to 0.84) - −0.90 (−1.07 to −0.75)
Moroccan 1.23 (0.84 to 1.61) 1.53 (1.18 to 1.88) 24 % −0.30 (−0.47 to −0.13)
  1. aDepressive symptoms scores range from 0 to 27, higher scores reflect more depressive symptoms
  2. b% Change in B calculated as (Bethnicity+workcondition-Bethnicity)/(Bethnicity); only for models where the mediation test for that ethnic group showed a statistically significant higher risk of mental health problems and was statistically significant. Negative signs (−) are used for changes towards non-significance (zero B)
  3. cBold printed figures represent statistically significant mediation for that ethnic group