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Table 5 Linear regression of depressive symptomsa explained by ethnicity, with recovery opportunities as potential mediator

From: Do unfavourable working conditions explain mental health inequalities between ethnic groups?: cross-sectional data of the HELIUS study

Recovery opportunities Models: 1: Ethnicity + age and gender 2: Ethnicity + recovery opportunities + age and gender Attenuation %b Mediation testc 95 % CI (bootstrap)
  b 95 % CI b 95 % CI    
Dutch (reference) - - - - - - -
African Surinamese 0.01 (−0.30 to 0.32) −0.22 (−0.53 to 0.09) - 0.22 (0.17 to 0.28)
South-Asian Surinamese 1.07 (0.75 to 1.39) 0.92 (0.60 to 1.25) −14 % 0.17 (0.11 to 0.23)
Turkish 1.82 (1.49 to 2.16) 1.49 (1.16 to 1.83) −18 % 0.34 (0.26 to 0.42)
Ghanaian −0.34 (−0.71 to 0.03) −0.75 (−1.12 to −0.37) - 0.40 (0.31 to 0.49)
Moroccan 1.23 (0.84 to 1.61) 0.96 (0.58 to 1.34) −22 % 0.24 (0.17 to 0.32)
  1. aDepressive symptoms scores range from 0 to 27, higher scores reflect more depressive symptoms
  2. b% Change in B calculated as (Bethnicity+workcondition-Bethnicity)/(Bethnicity); only for models where the mediation test for that ethnic group showed a statistically significant higher risk of mental health problems and was statistically significant. Negative signs (−) are used for changes towards non-significance (zero B)
  3. cBold printed figures represent statistically significant mediation for that ethnic group