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Table 2 Mental health indices in relation to ethnicity of working participants HELIUS study

From: Do unfavourable working conditions explain mental health inequalities between ethnic groups?: cross-sectional data of the HELIUS study

  Generic mental health (MCS scores range from 0–100, higher scores reflect better mental health) N = 5551 Depressive symptoms (PHQ scores range from 0–27, higher scores reflect more depressive symptoms) N = 5557
Ethnic group Mean SD Median Inter Quartile Range Mean SD % scoring ≥ 10
Dutch, total 53.0 6.7 55.0 6.4 3.2 3.2 5
Men 52.5 6.3 55.2 6.4 2.7 2.8 3
Women 53.6 7.0 54.0 6.5 3.7 3.4 6
African Surinamese, total 52.5 8.3 54.7 8.6 3.2 3.8 7
Men 53.6 7.7 55.7 9.1 2.6 3.1 4
Women 51.8 8.6 53.9 9.3 3.6 4.1 9
South-Asian Surinamese, total 50.7 9.5 53.3 10.4 4.2 4.8 13
Men 51.6 9.5 54.0 9.9 3.5 4.3 9
Women 49.8 9.4 52.2 10.4 4.9 5.2 17
Turkish, total 48.7 9.7 50.9 11.9 5.1 5.1 16
Men 50.1 9.1 52.2 10.2 4.5 4.9 13
Women 46.5 10.3 48.3 14.5 6.1 5.4 21
Ghanaian, total 51.8 8.0 53.1 9.9 2.7 3.6 6
Men 52.4 7.5 54.4 8.8 2.2 3.2 4
Women 51.8 8.3 52.3 10.4 3.4 4.0 7
Moroccan, total 50.0 8.9 52.5 9.4 4.5 4.8 13
Men 50.6 8.7 53.0 9.1 4.0 4.6 10
Women 49.3 9.2 51.7 10.7 5.3 5.1 17
  1. Generic mental health (p < .001) and depressive symptoms (p < .001) differed between (total) ethnic groups, according to the Kruskal Wallis test