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Table 3 Baseline data on the primary outcome measures in comparison to German norm values

From: Life Balance – a mindfulness-based mental health promotion program: conceptualization, implementation, compliance and user satisfaction in a field setting

  Evaluation of life balance Norm values of German population [50] Unpaired t-tests
m SD n M SD n t p
HADS Female 15.75 6.98 1,506 9.7 6.9 2,481 16.72 < .0001
Male 15.37 7.29 307 9.2 6.7 1,929 14.80 < .0001
Total 15.69 7.03 1,813 9.45 6.8 4,410 32.57 < .0001
  Norm values [48]   
   m SD n M SD n t p
SWLS Female 21.57 6.45 1506 24.67 6.20 1,315 12.97 < .0001
Male 21.67 6.37 307 25.12 6.32 1,204 8.52 < .0001
Total 21.59 6.44 1,813 24.88 6.26 2,519 21.98 < .0001
  Norm values [47]   
   m SD n M SD n t p
RS Female 54.29 11.45 1,506 n.a. n.a. 1,070 n.a. n.a.
Male 53.02 11.40 307 n.a. n.a. 934 n.a. n.a.
Total 54.07 11.45 1,813 58.03 10.76 2,003 11.01 < .0001