Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 2 Prevalence of lifetime suicide thoughts and their relationship with sociodemographic and psychosocial variables using univariate analysis (unadjusted odds ratios)

From: Tedium vitae, death wishes, suicidal ideation and attempts in Kenya-prevalence and risk factors

Factors N Prevalence: n (%) Unadjusted OR (95 % C.I) p-value
Lifetime suicide thought 1133 89 (7.9)   
Sex Male 597 31 (5.2) 1 -
Female 536 58 (10.8) 2.2 (1.41 to 3.48) 0.001
Age category <30 years 278 26 (9.4) 1 -
30-60 yrs 443 33 (7.5) 0.8 (0.46 to 1.34) 0.365
>60 yrs 170 14 (8.2) 0.9 (0.44 to 1.72) 0.688
Household size <=6 people 564 39 (6.9) 1 -
>6 people 569 50 (8.8) 1.3 (0.84 to 2.01) 0.243
Marital status Married/cohabiting 707 51 (7.2) 1 -
Single 181 14 (7.7) 1.1 (0.58 to 2.00) 0.810
Widowed/divorced 244 24 (9.8) 1.2 (0.84 to 2.33) 0.192
Education level None 128 12 (9.4) 1 -
Primary 616 51 (8.3) 0.9 (0.45 to 1.69) 0.686
Secondary 320 22 (6.9) 0.7 (0.34 to 1.49) 0.588
Post secondary 69 4 (5.8) 0.6 (0.18 to 1.92) 0.385
Employment status Unemployed 559 37 (6.6) 1 -
Self employed 476 45 (9.5) 1.5 (0.94 to 2.32) 0.094
Employed 98 7 (7.1) 1.1 (0.47 to 2.51) 0.848
Immunity ≥500 cells/μL 388 15 (3.9) 1 -
<500 cells/μL 61 4 (6.6) 1.7 (0.56 to 5.44) 0.337
Any CMD No 1019 67 (6.6) 1 -
Yes 114 22 (19.3) 3.4 (2.01 to 5.76) <0.001
Malaria Negative 687 51 (7.4) 1 -
Positive 263 18 (6.8) 0.9 (0.52 to 1.60) 0.752
Asset Groups Highest, Q1 400 25 (6.3) 1 -
Q2 404 33 (8.2) 1.3 (0.78 to 2.29) 0.295
Lowest, Q3 329 31 (9.4) 1.6 (0.90 to 2.70) 0.112
Perceived lack of support No lack: 0 3 1 (33.3) 1 -
Moderate lack: 1-7 311 26 (8.4) 0.2 (0.02 to 2.08) 0.171
Severe lack: 8+ 816 62 (7.6) 0.2 (0.01 to 1.84) 0.143
Total life events 0-1 353 14 (4.0) 1 -
2-3 472 41 (8.7) 2.3 (1.24 to 4.30) 0.009
4 or more 308 34 (11.0) 3.0 (1.58 to 5.71) 0.001
Total group size 3 or less 143 2 (1.4) 1 -
4 to 8 513 41 (8.0) 6.1 (1.46 to 25.63) 0.013
9 or more 474 46 (9.7) 7.6 (1.82 to 31.61) 0.005
Being a carer for more than 4 hours a week No 24 1 (4.2) 1 -
Yes 170 14 (8.2) 2.1 (0.26 to 16.45) 0.494
Spent time in an institution before age 16 No 906 73 (8.1) 1 -
Yes 220 16 (7.3) 0.9 (0.51 to 1.57) 0.699
Did not have both natural parents at home until age 16 No 954 77 (8.1) 1 -
Yes 172 12 (7.0) 0.9 (0.45 to 1.61) 0.625
Any Psychotic Symptoms No 953 66 (6.9) 1 -
Yes 155 21 (13.6) 2.1 (1.25 to 3.56) 0.005