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Fig. 3 | BMC Public Health

Fig. 3

From: A systematic review: effectiveness of mass media campaigns for reducing alcohol-impaired driving and alcohol-related crashes

Fig. 3

Pooled effects. Outcome measures used for summary effects calculation: 1. Murry 1993: Nighttime fatal and incapacitating accidents in 15 to 24-year-old males and females/ Total fatal and incapacitating accidents 15 to 24-year-old males and females. 2. Newstead 1995: Serious casualty crashes in all victoria during high alcohol hours /All hours. 3. Jones 2005: Nighttime single-vehicle crashes/ All crashes. 4. Epperlein 1987: Proportion of drinking drivers in crashes/ Total traffic crashes. 5. Agent 2002: Alcohol-related injuries or fatalities/Total number of crashes. 6. Solomon 2008: The number of motor vehicle fatalities for male drivers (BAC ≥0.08 g/dL) age 18 to 34/Total number of alcohol-related fatalities. 7. Beck 2009: Alcohol-related fatality crashes/ Alcohol-related total crashes

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