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Table 3 Association between OVC primary caregiving status and women’s overweight statusa,b

From: Overweight status of the primary caregivers of orphan and vulnerable children in 3 Southern African countries: a cross sectional study

  Swaziland c (n = 2,875) Zambia d (n = 4,497)
  OR 95 % CI p-value OR 95 % CI p-value
  Unadjusted Models
Model 1       
-OVC primary caregivers 0.91 (0.76–1.09) 0.30 1.44 (1.23–1.69) <0.01
-Non-OVC primary caregivers 1.00    1.00   
Model 2       
- OVC primary caregivers 1.98 (1.35–2.92) <0.01 1.59 (1.13–2.25) 0.01
-Non-primary caregiver living with an OVC 1.00    1.00   
Model 3       
- OVC primary caregivers 2.14 (1.65–2.77) <0.01 1.34 (1.03–1.76) 0.03
-Non-primary caregiver not living with an OVC 1.00    1.00   
  Adjusted Models
Model 4       
- OVC primary caregivers 0.97 (0.80–1.17) 0.72 1.16 (0.98–1.37) 0.09
-Non-OVC primary caregivers 1.00    1.00   
Model 5       
- OVC primary caregivers 1.56 (1.04–2.34) 0.03 2.62 (1.80–3.79) <0.01
-Non-primary caregiver living with an OVC 1.00    1.00   
Model 6       
- OVC primary caregivers 1.92 (1.46–2.54) <0.01 1.94 (1.44–2.60) <0.01
-Non-primary caregiver not living with an OVC 1.00    1.00   
  1. aNormal weight (18.5 ≤ BMI < 25.0), and overweight (BMI ≥ 25.0)
  2. bModels for Namibia are not presented because an interaction term between OVC primary caregiving and age of the OVC primary caregiver was significant. Information from the stratified logistic regression modeling are presented in the “Results” section under “Effect Modification Assessment”
  3. cAdjusted for age and the Absolute Wealth Index
  4. dAdjusted for the number of children 5 years of age or younger in the household, women’s education and the Absolute Wealth Index
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