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Table 3 Post-intervention willingness among men to be involved in family planning Jimma zone, Ethiopia, 2014

From: Couple based family planning education: changes in male involvement and contraceptive use among married couples in Jimma Zone, Ethiopia

  Total Control group Intervention group Odds ratio
     crude Adjusted
Willingness as reported by the husband    
Go together to FP service 376/773 (48.6 %) 73/380 (19.2 %) 303/393 (77.1 %) 14.2 (p < 0.001) 10.7 (p < 0.001)
- among those already willing at baseline 309/452 (68.4 %) 55/181 (30.4 %) 254/271 (93.7 %) 34.2 (p < 0.001) 25.3 (p < 0.001)
- among those not willing at baseline 66/320 (20.6 %) 17/198 (8.6 %) 49/122 (40.2 %) 7.15 (p < 0.001) 5.71 (p < 0.001)
Finance costs 341/773 (44.1 %) 66/380 (17.4 %) 275/393 (70 %) 11.1 (p < 0.001) 8.28 (p < 0.001)
- among those already willing at baseline 289/438 (66 %) 51/169 (30.2 %) 238/269 (88.5 %) 17.8 (p < 0.001) 13.9 (p < 0.001)
- among those not willing at baseline 51/334 (15.3 %) 14/210 (6.7 %) 37/124 (29.8 %) 5.95 (p < 0.001) 4.82 (p < 0.001)
Get FP together 223/773 (28.8 %) 5/380 (1.3 %) 218/393 (55.5 %) 93.4 (p < 0.001) 80.6 (p < 0.001)
- among those already willing at baseline 194/306 (63.4 %) 1/82 (1.2 %) 193/224 (86.2 %) 504 (p < 0.001) 460 (p < 0.001)
- among those not willing at baseline 28/465 (6 %) 4/297 (1.3 %) 24/168 (14.3 %) 12.2 (p < 0.001) 10.3 (p < 0.001)
Actual involvement as reported by the wife (only couples using a form of contraception)a  
Go together to FP service 299/349 (85.7 %) 128/163 (78.5 %) 171/186 (91.9 %) 3.12 (p < 0.001) 3.06 (p < 0.001)
- where the husband was already involved at baseline 180/199 (90.5 %) 80/93 (86 %) 100/106 (94.3 %) 2.71 (p = 0.046) 3.26 (p = 0.024)
- where the husband was not involved at baseline 29/50 (58 %) 17/33 (51.5 %) 12/17 (70.6 %) 2.26 (p = 0.196) 2.31 (p = 0.193)
Finance costs 288/349 (82.5 %) 121/163 (74.2 %) 167/186 (89.8 %) 3.05 (p < 0.001) 3.10 (p < 0.001)
- where the husband was already involved at baseline 166/199 (83.4 %) 58/81 (71.6 %) 108/118 (91.5 %) 4.28 (p < 0.001) 4.10 (p = 0.001)
- where the husband was not involved at baseline 37/50 (74 %) 33/45 (73.3 %) 4/5 (80 %) 1.45 (p = 0.747) 1.01 (p = 0.993)
Get FP together 256/349 (73.4 %) 94/163 (57.7 %) 162/186 (87.1 %) 4.95 (p < 0.001) 4.70 (p < 0.001)
- where the husband was already involved at baseline 120/139 (86.3 %) 28/40 (70 %) 92/99 (92.9 %) 5.63 (p = 0.001) 6.09 (p = 0.001)
- where the husband was not involved at baseline 59/110 (53.6 %) 42/86 (48.8 %) 17/24 (70.8 %) 2.54 (p = 0.056) 2.45 (p = 0.078)
  1. aOnly 249 out of 349 women who answered these questions during the follow up interview also answered them at baseline. As a result, the disaggregated results are only based on a subset consisting of these 249