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Table 1 Descriptive statistics (N = 1293)

From: Socio-demographic factors and neighbourhood social cohesion influence adults’ willingness to grant children greater independent mobility: A cross-sectional study

  All Male Female
Sexa 100.0 51.9 48.1
Ageb 56.1 (15.3) 55.9 (15.7) 56.2 (14.8)
Parental statusa    
Parent (children 0–12 years) 22.7 24.0 21.4
Parent (children ≥ 13 years) 57.8 55.1 60.7
Non-parent 19.5 20.9 18.0
Educationa    
≤12 years 45.0 39.3 51.1
13-14 years 14.3 15.0 13.6
≥15 years 40.7 45.8 35.3
Neighbourhood social cohesionb 18.3 (3.4) 18.24 (3.3) 18.32 (3.4)
Area-level socio-economic disadvantagea    
Low 22.1 23.8 20.3
Medium 43.7 42.2 45.2
High 34.2 33.9 34.5
Distances adults would permit for children’s independent travela    
Within sight 36.0 33.8 38.4
<0.5 km 26.2 23.9 28.6
0.5-1 km 18.3 19.2 17.3
>1 km 19.6 23.1 15.8
Distances adults would permit for children’s independent outdoor playa    
Within sight 45.6 39.6 52.1
<0.5 km 28.4 27.7 29.2
0.5-1 km 14.0 17.1 10.7
>1 km 12.0 15.5 8.1
  1. aPercentage
  2. bMean (SD)