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Table 3 Prevalence of symptoms and GP contacts, stratified on gender. Proportions of GP-contacts were ranked from 1 to 42 according to frequency

From: Self-reported symptoms and healthcare seeking in the general population -exploring “The Symptom Iceberg”

  Proportion with symptoms Proportion with GP contacts
  Gender n % n % [95 % CI] Rank p-value*
Tiredness Men 10 642 45.8 1 923 18.3 [17.5–19.0] 28 <0.001
Women 13 895 52.5 2 984 21.7 [21.0–22.4] 26
Night-time urination Men 11 424 49.2 1 928 17.0 [16.3–17.7] 31 <0.001
Women 12 511 47.3 1 096 8.9 [8.4–9.4] 42
Lack of energy Men 8 215 35.3 1 437 17.7 [16.8–18.5] 29 <0.001
Women 10 257 38.8 2 162 21.4 [20.6–22.2] 27
Headache Men 6 675 28.7 1 016 15.3 [14.5–16.2] 36 <0.001
Women 11 303 42.7 2 143 19.2 [18.4–19.9] 34
Back pain Men 7 067 30.4 2 468 35.2 [34.1–36.3] 10 0.437
Women 8 858 33.5 3 022 34.6 [33.6–35.6] 8
Abdominal bloating Men 5 073 21.8 674 13.5 [21.5–14.5] 38 0.101
Women 9 639 36.4 1 190 12.5 [11.9–13.2] 40
Memory problems Men 4 177 18.0 691 16.8 [15.7–18.0] 32 0.001
Women 5 647 21.3 1 080 19.5 [18.4–20.5] 33
Abdominal pain Men 3 273 14.1 1 002 31.3 [29.7–32.9] 16 <0.001
Women 6 492 24.5 1 657 26.0 [25.0–27.2] 19
Coughing Men 4 212 18.1 953 22.9 [21.6–24.2] 24 0.002
Women 4 592 17.4 1 167 25.7 [24.5–27.0] 21
Concentration problems Men 3 566 15.3 687 19.5 [18.2–20.9] 26 0.089
Women 5 096 19.3 1 055 21.0 [19.9–22.2] 28
Change in stool texture Men 3 858 16.6 542 14.3 [13.2–15.4] 37 0.083
Women 4 685 17.7 718 15.6 [14.6–16.7] 37
Dizziness Men 3 101 13.3 961 31.3 [29.7–33.0] 15 0.557
Women 4 788 18.1 1 446 30.7 [29.4–32.0] 14
Feeling unwell Men 3 042 13.1 831 27.7 [26.1–29.3] 19 0.337
Women 4 369 16.5 1 234 28.7 [27.4–30.1] 15
Constipation Men 2 422 10.4 317 13.3 [12.0–14.7] 39 0.542
Women 4 809 18.2 653 13.8 [12.9–14.8] 39
Increase in waist circumference Men 2 266 9.7 217 9.7 [8.5–11.0] 40 0.002
Women 4 282 16.2 516 12.3 [11.3–13.3] 41
Change in stool frequency Men 2 757 11.9 444 16.5 [15.1–17.9] 33 0.308
Women 3 709 14.0 565 15.5 [14.4–16.7] 38
Diarrhoea Men 2 946 12.7 476 16.4 [15.1–17.8] 34 0.436
Women 3 439 13.0 581 17.1 [15.9–18.5] 35
Nausea Men 1 887 8.1 391 21.1 [19.2–23.0] 25 0.522
Women 4 369 16.5 873 20.4 [19.2–21.6] 29
Swollen legs Men 1 953 8.4 870 45.1 [42.8–47.3] 4 <0.001
Women 4 103 15.5 1 354 33.5 [32.1–35.0] 10
Difficulty in emptying the bladder Men 3 365 14.5 995 29.9 [28.4–31.5] 17 <0.001
Women 2 366 8.9 539 23.1 [21.4–24–9] 25
Frequent urination Men 2 597 11.2 738 28.8 [27.0–30.6] 18 <0.001
Women 2 637 10.0 624 24.2 [22.5–25.9] 24
Stress incontinence Men 256 1.1 90 35.7 [29.8–42.0] 9 <0.001
Women 4 541 17.2 762 17.0 [15.9–18.1] 36
Erectile dysfunctiona Men 4 289 18.5 1 362 32.1 [30.7–33.5] 14 -
- - - - - - -
Pelvic paina - - - - - - - -
Women 3 963 15.0 1 008 25.8 [24.4–27.2] 20
Shortness of breath Men 1 912 8.3 960 50.9 [48.6–53.2] 2 0.139
Women 2 048 7.7 976 48.5 [46.3–50.7] 4
Hoarseness Men 1 677 7.2 293 17.7 [15.9–19.6] 30 0.147
Women 2 105 8.0 405 19.6 [17.9–21.3] 32
Urge incontinence Men 1 184 5.1 322 27.7 [25.2–30.4] 20 0.102
Women 1 896 7.2 468 25.0 [23.1–27.1] 23
Loss of appetite Men 1 359 5.8 256 19.2 [17.1–21.4] 27 0.767
Women 1 720 6.5 330 19.6 [17.7–21.6] 31
Blood in stool/rectal bleeding Men 1 103 4.7 366 33.7 [30.9–36.6] 12 0.963
Women 1 182 4.5 392 33.8 [31.1–36.6] 9
Pelvic pain during intercoursea - - - - - - - -
Women 2 091 7.9 552 26.6 [24.7–28.6] 18
Fever Men 841 3.6 211 25.3 [22.4–28.4] 22 0.18
Women 1 111 4.2 306 28.0 [25.4–30.8] 16
Difficulty swallowing Men 781 3.4 254 33.2 [29.9–36.7] 13 0.205
Women 946 3.6 332 36.2 [33.1–39.4] 7
Weight loss Men 768 3.3 185 24.8 [21.7–28.1] 23 0.758
Women 722 2.7 178 25.5 [22.3–28.9] 22
Incontinence without stress/urge Men 328 1.4 111 34.7 [29.5–40.2] 11 0.703
Women 830 3.1 272 33.5 [30.3–36.9] 11
Pain/burning when urinating Men 384 1.5 156 41.4 [36.4–46.5] 6 0.002
Women 662 2.5 333 51.5 [47.5–55.4] 3
Lump/swollen lymph nodes Men 268 1.2 109 40.8 [34.9–47.0] 7 0.784
Women 543 2.1 223 41.8 [37.6–46.2] 5
Black stool Men 451 1.9 68 15.4 [12.1–19.1] 35 0.093
Women 328 1.2 64 20.1 [15.8–24.9] 30
Repeated vomiting Men 243 1.0 62 26.8 [21.2–33.0] 21 0.006
Women 400 1.5 146 37.6 [32.8–42.7] 6
Vaginal bleeding after intercoursea - - - - - - - -
Women 612 2.3 187 30.9 [27.2–34.7] 13
Postmenopausal bleedinga - - - - - - - -
Women 370 1.4 118 33.1 [28.2–38.2] 12
Blood in urine Men 125 0.5 86 69.9 [61.0–77.9] 1 0.272
Women 159 0.6 116 75.8 [68.2–82.4] 1
Blood in semena Men 94 0.4 45 48.9 [38.3–59.6] 3 -
- - - - - - -
Coughing up blood Men 42 0.2 18 43.9 [28.5–60.3] 5 0.415
Women 20 0.1 11 55.0 [31.5–76.9] 2
Blood in vomit Men 32 0.1 11 39.3 [21.5–59.4] 8 0.683
Women 22 0.1 6 33.3 [13.3–59.0] 17
  1. *Differences in GP-contacts with a symptom between genders were tested using chi-square tests
  2. aTotal numbers for each gender specific symptoms may not add up to full sample, due to the answer “do not wish to answer” was considered as missing (1.14.6 %) in the analyses